The different types of communication in airports, and how they stay secure

Communication is one of the most integral parts of an airport, ensuring that operations run efficiently, smoothly and safely. Learn more about the different systems and security networks that play a core role in the ways that airports communicate below.

UHF/VHF Radio Communications

One of the most common methods aircraft use when communicating with one another is UHF/VHF radio communications. This stands for Ultra-High and Very High-Frequency radio communications, transmitting audio over a high-frequency radio signal through the air and to the ground. The range of these systems varies wildly depending on the power that different airports use, with radios having the ability to function across dozens of miles. Using such a high-quality system ensures communication is clear and reliable.

Voice Communication Control Systems (VCCS)

A Voice Communication Control System is one of the more crucial systems available for an air traffic control tower. This system enables workers to communicate with a range of aircraft and airports, using a decentralised and Cloud-hosted system that processes voice data and transmits it to all of the right aircraft whenever necessary.

Air traffic control towers have a number of responsibilities, including advising and updating pilots about nearby planes and hazardous conditions, issuing landing and take-off authorisation, and transferring control of departing flights to traffic control centres. Having a VCCS in place means that an airport has full control over who it talks to and when it talks to them at all times, making ongoing dialogue across busy airspace like that of Qatar’s Hamad International Airport much simpler.

Air-to-Ground Communications

In addition to ground-to-air communication reporting instructions and guidance to pilots, the inverse is just as important for better airport communication. Air-to-ground communications systems ensure that pilots inform airports about any issues with the aircraft or passengers on board. This means that the pilot is able to work closely with the airport to plan a solution to any ongoing problems, such as preparing paramedics on the ground or completing an emergency landing. Safety is the most important part of running an airport, and pilots retaining a constant method of communication with controllers ensures everyone remains safe and secure.

Compliance and Legal Recording Systems

Communication is integral to the successful operation of any airport, and in the event that something goes awry, authorities have to conduct investigations as soon as feasibly possible. This means that having comprehensive compliance and legal recording systems is essential. Planes and airports record their communications constantly, which means that in the event of an audit, the airport can demonstrate that it meets the required standards of communication. Completing the communication itself is an important part of the process, but recording is just as essential for guaranteeing quality.

If you’re interested in learning more about communication systems or tailoring the communication systems of your facility, get in touch with the Bayanat Engineering team today and find out more about the range of different communications options available for an airport.