Information Communication Technologies

Information Communication Technologies

Stable communication is essential for aviation safety and operational efficiency. Information Communications Technology (ICT) is one aspect of telecommunications that allows for this. There are several ICT devices used in aerospace and aeronautics, which we look at in more detail below.


What is Information Communications Technology?


Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is a technology used for various communication processes. This includes broadcast media, telecommunications, audiovisual processing, and transmission systems. ICT usually involves the convergence of several technologies that use the same transmission lines or portals to carry information and communication in various forms.



Different types of ICT for the aviation business


There are several ICT devices that aviation businesses can benefit from. Some of these include:


Cyber security


Cyber security refers to the application of processes, technologies, and controls to protect computer devices from cyber-attacks. It helps protect software programmes, systems, networks, and the data stored on them. Cyber security aims to protect these systems against unwarranted exploitation through enhanced security measures. The installation of cyber security is essential given the growing sophistication of malware, social engineering, and ransomware.


Wireless data network (WDN/WLAN)


A wireless local-area network (WLAN) depends on radio waves to connect laptops, phones, and other electronic devices to the Internet. It also helps connect devices to business networks and applications. With a wireless network, devices can roam while staying connected to their network without being tethered to wires. WLANs rely on access points to increase Wi-Fi signals so that devices can roam far from WI-Fi routers without losing network connection.


Distributed antenna system (DAS)


A distributed antenna system (DAS) consists of a network of antennas that send and receive cellular signals. It involves the use of several antennas as opposed to one to provide reliable, wireless coverage. Cellular signals are transported over a licensed frequency to improve voice and data connectivity. For DAS to function properly, it needs a signal to be fed to it from somewhere else. Some typical signal sources that DAS relies on include off-air (via roof antennas), small cells, and on-site Base Transceiver Systems. When the DAS receives the cellular signal, it distributes it throughout the building through fibre optic, ethernet, hybrid, passive, or digital means.


IP Telephony (IPT)


Internet Protocol Telephony (IPT) denotes all data communications that allow for the exchange of phone calls, fax and other communications over the internet. They allow for greater connectivity reliability when transporting voice data online. IPT deviates from regular phone systems as it doesn’t rely on landlines to transmit voice information. Instead, they use a router or modem to connect to the internet.


IP Television (IPTV)


IP Television (IPTV) allows you to receive and view video content via the internet. It serves as the video version of IPT which only works for phone or audio communications. IPTV allows you to watch television or videos through an internet connection, serviced by a router or modem. This means you don’t have to rely on a fibre-optic cable or radio waves to view video content.


These are some common types of ICT devices that aeronautic and aerospace companies can benefit from. If you’re interested in implementing any of these systems or need some advice, contact us today.