The role of information communication technologies in airports

When operating an airport, making the most of the infrastructure’s potential is key. This means having the right technical infrastructure in place and the right processes all working in tandem to maximise efficiency all across the airport. This is where having the right information communication technologies is key. Learn more about some of the important information communication technologies in an airport and how it contributes to making the airport experience better for everyone.

Structure Cabling System

One of the most important, yet underrated, parts of an airport’s computing systems is the cabling and hardware connecting everything. Data needs to be transmitted across the airport at high speeds, which means that data and power cables carrying the information are laid under the runways and across the terminals to ensure that everyone has up to date knowledge at all times. Before implementing any specific solutions, ensuring that a structure cabling system is in place ensures that you have a strong foundation in place to build from.

Computer Network Equipment

Whilst having the essential cabling in place is a benefit for an airport, Computer Network Equipment is the tool that airports use to make full use of the cabling available. Computer network equipment refers to the equipment that airports use when networking both internally and externally. For example, the routers that an airport uses are part of a CNE offering. Strong CNE means that an airport makes the most of the structured cabling system it’s built on.

Data Communication Hardware

Transferring the data itself is the next step in the process, and requires a selection of specialist hardware. For example, airports handle a significant amount of data at all times, requiring specialist servers with incredibly fast read and write speeds to keep up with the demands of the role. In addition to this, a significant amount of storage is necessary, with terabytes of data flowing through the airport. The airport holds an incredible amount of data, and having enough of the right data communication hardware makes this process as simple as possible.

Internet-of-Things solutions

The Internet-of-Things, or IoT, is becoming an even more prevalent concept in the world of business. This refers to smart devices having connections to the internet and supporting customers in new and unique ways. Using IoT solutions for tasks such as ticket pickup and luggage handling means saving time for employees to deal with more difficult issues. Further improvements involving the cloud mean that these systems are even more efficient, using cloud computing as a means of making airports more effective by the day.

Information security

With all of the sensitive information flying through airports, having a strong degree of information security is key. This means that passengers pass through without fear of cyberattacks accessing their personal data. Not only does this prevent legislative issues for the airport, but people feel more secure with the layers of information security a reputable airport has to offer.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar

If you’re interested in finding out how computer systems work in airports such as Qatar’s Hamad International Airport, get in touch with Bayanat Engineering to learn about the range of systems available.

Weather Forecast

Having a clear overview of the weather forecast is one of the most important parts of keeping an airport running. Understanding the current conditions helps pilots to land planes at airports safely and on schedule. Learn more about what a weather forecast is and how forecasters devise their forecasts below

It is important for many industries – and the general public – to have an idea of weather events in their local area and other parts of the world. Having knowledge of these things ahead of time can enable you to plan effectively and be safe in the event of an extreme weather event. Weather forecasts can help in predicting the weather and they are a crucial part of planning for many people.


But how is a weather forecast put together? And why are they sometimes not accurate


What is a weather forecast?


A weather forecast is a scientific prediction of the climate, atmosphere and weather for an impending period. This includes establishing factors such as wind speed, cloud cover, temperature and the likelihood of rainfall. Depending on the nature of the forecast itself, there are several different levels of locational precision that forecasters use. A weather forecast for an airport is known as a terminal aerodrome forecast, or a TAF, and covers approximately a five-mile area around the airport itself.


How is a weather forecast made


Creating a weather forecast is a complex and scientific process relying on a range of factors. The steps in creating a weather forecast include:


  • Establishing starting conditions


The first step in the process involves establishing the starting conditions for the weather. This includes having a range of measurement stations in many different locations assessing quantitative factors such as the temperature, precipitation, humidity and wind direction and speed. Having a comprehensive picture of the weather is known as the “observation” stage of the process and provides a basis for the rest of the forecast. Observations take place on the surface, from a selection of weather balloons and from weather radars. The greater detail available at this stage of the process, the more accurate the forecast is later on.


  • Using algorithms


Following the observational stage, the process is relatively automated. At this point, the forecasting team inserts their observational data into supercomputer models that examine a selection of historical data and surrounding information, ultimately establishing where the weather will move and how it will evolve throughout a set period. Airports tend to use 24-30 hour periods for their forecasts, as this minimises the speculation within equations and ensures as much accuracy as feasibly possible. TAF focuses on very specific areas as a means of improving precision for incoming pilots.


  • Meteorological adjustment


During the final stage of the process, a meteorologist adjusts the assessment and tracks the forecast. Although forecasts do a good job of predicting the weather, unforeseen factors can arise quickly. In the event that the weather shifts away from the expected process or the algorithm’s prediction is flawed, meteorologists can step in and adjust the forecast. This means that TAF is a constantly evolving forecast providing an accurate perception of the weather in the coming hours, rather than a static prediction in line with exclusively initial data. After this, airports transmit forecasts using the TAF/METAR code, conveying all relevant information to Qatar’s arriving pilots.


How is weather forecasting done?


In order to predict the weather, meteorologists gather as much information as possible about the current weather and atmospheric conditions. They will make observations about things like temperature, pressure, wind speed and humidity, looking out across the globe and entering the data into powerful supercomputers. like the Cray XC40.


These observations are made using advanced technology, such as:


Automatic rain gauges

Weather radars

Weather balloons and Vaisala Radiosonde (an electronic device for measuring meteorological variables in the atmosphere


These computers process enormous amounts of data to make algorithmic predictions about what current conditions say about what might happen next with the weather. Meteorologists also monitor conditions separately to assess whether things are going as expected, and will tweak the forecast when things change.


Why aren’t weather forecasts always accurate?


The Earth’s atmosphere is not always orderly, and relatively small shifts in the ocean can have a huge impact on the behaviour of a weather system. Something that looked like it might only be minor when it reaches land could end up being a lot more severe than anticipated.


With this unpredictability in the atmosphere, things can be missed or misinterpreted. Thus, something that is forecasted to happen in a week’s time is likely to change before that day comes.


Having said that, our understanding of the atmosphere is constantly improving. Similarly, computer technology is advancing and improving, so forecasts are now able to look further into the future with greater accuracy than before. A four-day forecast today is thought to be as accurate as a one-day forecast was three decades ago.


Even when they are not entirely accurate, longer forecasts can give a good general idea of weather trends. You can get a measure of whether it is likely to be drier or wetter than average in the coming week. The computers can also model the way our climate might look in the future, and can make predictions decades in advance.


What makes some weather particularly difficult to forecast


Certain weather patterns present greater challenges for accurate forecasting than others. For example, showers are very small-scale weather features, so it is difficult to accurately predict where they will occur.


It may look to you as if a weather forecast was wrong because you didn’t see the showers they warned you about. But, in actuality, those showers ended up manifesting just a few miles down the road, perhaps in the form of a torrential thunderstorm.


What does the future of weather forecasting look like?


With the continuing evolution of computer technology, particularly relating to processing speed, it will be possible for a greater number of observations to be captured. This data will be able to be put into more complex equations, enabling the creation of more forecasts for even smaller areas.


What this should amount to is greater accuracy in weather forecasting in the future.

Passenger terminal design: what makes a great airport?

If you’ve ever visited an airport, you’ll be familiar with passenger terminals. Usually filled with seating, shops and restaurants, they house passengers while they wait for their planes, which means good terminal design is a key aspect of developing a functional airport. Learn more about the different aspects involved in passenger terminal design and some key questions terminal designers answer in their processes.

What facilities make up an airport terminal?

An airport terminal consists of a wide range of facilities and services. Just some of these include:

• Baggage handling
• Boarding gates
• Car parking spaces
• Passenger amenities
• Security systems

Passenger operations

The most visible aspect of the terminal for those boarding flights is the passenger operations side of the terminal. This contains all of the public-facing aspects of the airport, encompassing everything from the amenities customers consume in the terminal itself to the parking spaces available to passengers. Design considerations at this point include ensuring that passengers have plenty of activities to keep them occupied, amenities to help with hunger and thirst and security support to ensure everybody is as safe and secure as possible during their time in the terminal.


In addition to all of the front of house work taking place in a terminal, there is a significant amount of behind the scenes design work to consider. This includes the way that the terminal stores and handles bags, the design of gates across the airport and the configurations of aprons across the airport to ensure that planes can land and take off safely and on time. Although this is a less visible aspect of the airport, it is a fundamental part of passengers’ journeys. Poor behind the scenes functionality is more noticeable to a passenger than great front of house service.

Building design

When building any terminal, designers have to take into account current passenger flows as well as anticipated demand in the future. As such, not only do they have to think about the size of the building itself, but also the number of security lanes, check-in desks and facilities like toilets they will need to adequately manage demand.

The most important principle of terminal design

One of the most important principles of terminal design is the focus on functionality. If someone arrives at Hamad International Airport in Qatar, for example, and they’ve never been here before, they want to get through the terminal and onto their flight as seamlessly as possible. Placing functionality at the core of the design process means that passengers get processed and onto their flights with little hassle, saving everyone time and making the airport experience a pleasant one.


If you’re interested in passenger terminal design and equipment, get in touch with the Bayanat Engineering team today to find out about our terminal systems and technology.

Information Communication Technologies

Information Communication Technologies

Stable communication is essential for aviation safety and operational efficiency. Information Communications Technology (ICT) is one aspect of telecommunications that allows for this. There are several ICT devices used in aerospace and aeronautics, which we look at in more detail below.


What is Information Communications Technology?


Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is a technology used for various communication processes. This includes broadcast media, telecommunications, audiovisual processing, and transmission systems. ICT usually involves the convergence of several technologies that use the same transmission lines or portals to carry information and communication in various forms.



Different types of ICT for the aviation business


There are several ICT devices that aviation businesses can benefit from. Some of these include:


Cyber security


Cyber security refers to the application of processes, technologies, and controls to protect computer devices from cyber-attacks. It helps protect software programmes, systems, networks, and the data stored on them. Cyber security aims to protect these systems against unwarranted exploitation through enhanced security measures. The installation of cyber security is essential given the growing sophistication of malware, social engineering, and ransomware.


Wireless data network (WDN/WLAN)


A wireless local-area network (WLAN) depends on radio waves to connect laptops, phones, and other electronic devices to the Internet. It also helps connect devices to business networks and applications. With a wireless network, devices can roam while staying connected to their network without being tethered to wires. WLANs rely on access points to increase Wi-Fi signals so that devices can roam far from WI-Fi routers without losing network connection.


Distributed antenna system (DAS)


A distributed antenna system (DAS) consists of a network of antennas that send and receive cellular signals. It involves the use of several antennas as opposed to one to provide reliable, wireless coverage. Cellular signals are transported over a licensed frequency to improve voice and data connectivity. For DAS to function properly, it needs a signal to be fed to it from somewhere else. Some typical signal sources that DAS relies on include off-air (via roof antennas), small cells, and on-site Base Transceiver Systems. When the DAS receives the cellular signal, it distributes it throughout the building through fibre optic, ethernet, hybrid, passive, or digital means.


IP Telephony (IPT)


Internet Protocol Telephony (IPT) denotes all data communications that allow for the exchange of phone calls, fax and other communications over the internet. They allow for greater connectivity reliability when transporting voice data online. IPT deviates from regular phone systems as it doesn’t rely on landlines to transmit voice information. Instead, they use a router or modem to connect to the internet.


IP Television (IPTV)


IP Television (IPTV) allows you to receive and view video content via the internet. It serves as the video version of IPT which only works for phone or audio communications. IPTV allows you to watch television or videos through an internet connection, serviced by a router or modem. This means you don’t have to rely on a fibre-optic cable or radio waves to view video content.


These are some common types of ICT devices that aeronautic and aerospace companies can benefit from. If you’re interested in implementing any of these systems or need some advice, contact us today.

What is the future of virtual reality technology?

It’s hard to believe that virtual reality technology has only been around for a few decades. In that short amount of time, it has evolved from bulky and expensive equipment to sleek and portable devices. But what is the future of virtual reality? In this article, we will explore the possibilities that VR has to offer.


What is virtual reality?


Virtual reality is a computer-generated simulation of a three-dimensional environment that can be interacted with in a seemingly real or physical way by a person using special electronic equipment, such as a helmet with a screen inside or gloves fitted with sensors. The technology has become mainstream over the past few years with headsets such as the Oculus Quest making it accessible for everyday consumers.


Virtual reality technology has a range of applications, from video gaming and entertainment to training and education. For example, virtual reality can be used to create realistic simulations for military training exercises or medical procedures. VR can also be used for more fun activities like exploring virtual worlds or playing games.


What is the future of virtual reality?


The future of virtual reality is looking very bright! With the advances in technology, we are seeing more and more amazing applications for VR. We are also seeing a trend towards cheaper and more accessible VR devices. This means that virtual reality will become more popular and mainstream in the years to come.


The emergence of the metaverse


One of the most exciting things about virtual reality is the possibility of creating a metaverse. A metaverse is a virtual world that is interactive and immersive. It would be like an alternate reality where you can do anything you want. This could be a great place for people to socialise, play games, and even work.


Virtual reality for aerospace


Another exciting possibility for virtual reality is its potential use in aerospace. Virtual reality can be used for training pilots, astronauts, and other people who work in the aerospace industry. It can also be used for research and development purposes by creating virtual environments and conducting testing before building the real thing.


Virtual reality has the potential to revolutionise the aerospace industry. For example, virtual training services will make it easier for prospective pilots to access training which will open up the industry to more people around the world.


As a result, many aerospace companies have started to increase their investments in virtual reality. This means that virtual worlds could play a huge role in the future of the industry.


Virtual reality for business


Virtual reality is also being used more and more for business purposes. For example, virtual reality can be used for training employees, marketing products, and even conducting virtual meetings.


Some businesses are even using virtual reality to create virtual showrooms or virtual tours. This is a great way to engage customers and give them a realistic experience of your product or service.


The future of virtual reality is looking very bright. With the advances in technology, we are seeing more and more amazing applications for VR. We are also seeing a trend towards cheaper and more accessible VR devices. This means that virtual reality will become more popular and mainstream in the years to come. We continue to increase our virtual reality offerings within our services. To learn more about what we offer, get in touch with our team today.

Types of specialised lighting and signage in an airport

Airports, like any other enterprise, should continually aim to be as efficient as possible in their operations. The greater the number of passengers you can handle each hour, as well as the greater the number of consumers your facilities can service, the greater the amount of income you will create. Making certain that you have the appropriate lighting and signs in place is critical to maximising productivity in the airport. Read on to learn about the different types of lighting and signage at airports today.


  • Lighting for the approach and apron


When nearing the runway, a pilot has to be directed to the precise location of the runway. The approach lighting system is a set of strobe lights that line the corridor. The places where passengers enter and exit planes, as well as the locations where planes are parked upon landing, are clearly designated by apron floodlights in the centre of the airport. Not only do they contribute to the general security of the zone, but they also ensure that people and cargo are properly illuminated throughout the drop-off or pick-up process.


  • Lighting for heliports


Aside from the normal taxiways, heliports, or designated sites for the take-off and arrival of helicopters, may be found on airport grounds. These are also equipped with a specialised lighting system.  The aircraft taxiway and the heliport might be found in close proximity to one another at times. As a result, in order to prevent confusion between the two, the heliport is bordered by yellow lights.


  • Obstruction lights


Outside of the airfields, specialised illumination is used in the same way as inside. You may have seen bright red lights on the roofs, as well as other skyscrapers and towering structures when flying over the city during your night flights. It is extremely important to designate elevated buildings with these lights in order to prevent any mishaps and to clearly show their precise location to passing aircraft while flying in gloomy or low-light situations.


The Federal Aviation Administration requires that the structures that extend more than 200 feet above ground be identified with paint or lighting, according to its regulations.


  • Markings on the path


White lines represent the boundaries of roadways. Aircraft routes, on the other hand, are commonly marked in yellow. It is necessary to distinguish between various kinds of surfaces or routes by using these yellow line marks. A dashed line divides two tracks that are meant for airplanes but are either different routes or are not routinely crossed by other modes of transportation.


Instrument landing system (ILS) markers are similar in appearance to ladders and are used to designate critical ILS regions that should not be accessed. A solid yellow line is often used to mark the centre of a taxiway’s travel path.



As a specialist in the sector, Bayanat Engineering Qatar has provided high-quality special-purpose lighting for airstrips and heliports, guiding signs and obstacle and beacon illumination systems in a number of big international airports. So, make sure to contact our expert team for more on specialised lighting and signage at airports today.

A guide to remote weather stations at airports

Pilots and employees who work in aviation depend on accurate weather data to take advantage of potential wind conditions and minimize flight interruptions. Automatic weather stations give essential information regarding visibility, rainfall, and stormy weather. However, the information they provide might be restricted depending on where the station is located. A distant location’s data may be reduced, or it may be excluded from automatic reports, particularly in cases when it is impossible or costly to build and maintain a standard human facility. Read on to learn everything you need to know about remote weather stations – from their importance to their types.


What are weather stations?


Weather stations, also known as meteorological stations, are structures for weather monitoring and data collection, and they work in conjunction with spacecraft, wind buoys, atmospheric probes and radars to gather various types of weather data. However, weather reports are the most common — there are more than 40,000 certified weather stations across the world — and so serve as the primary facility among many others. They collect data at a particular location on a map and then transfer it to large data processing centres for analysis.


What is the importance of remote weather stations?


Localised meteorological data is essential for safe operations at any airport, whether it serves a rural population or provides services such as wildfire suppression, emergency medical transport or commercial tourism.


While windsocks have their function, they are woefully insufficient when flying back into the city after a day out. Wind direction, sight and other factors might all be drastically different from what they were at departure, and the pilot’s safety is dependent on his or her ability to recognise and understand those differences.


Of course, small enterprises often do not have large funds to spend on expensive weather equipment. Despite the fact that high-end AWOS technology is very beneficial, the expenses might be excessive.


Types of weather systems at airports


  • Digital Current Weather Information Systems (DCWIS)


In addition to measuring meteorological data automatically, the DCWIS system also derives additional parameters via programming and creates aviation weather reports. By delivering continuous, real-time news and data on airfield weather conditions, the system assists pilots, aviation employees and other airport users in safely taking off and landing aircraft. It is possible to utilise these weather forecasts to meet the needs of air traffic control, to construct pilot briefings and flight plans and provide data.


  • Airport Weather Observation Systems (AWOS)


Designed to monitor the weather conditions at airports, AWOS sensors and solutions have to meet or exceed the demanding criteria of the International Civil Aviation Organization. Because of their modular structure, it’s simple to modify and tweak an AWOS system to match any local standards and specifications. In addition to sensors that assess runway conditions, the systems may be configured to include sensors that detect other potentially hazardous weather phenomena like blizzard conditions, severe turbulence, and thunderstorms.


Contact Bayanat Engineering Group today


Ensure that you contact our knowledgeable and pleasant team at Bayanat Engineering Group for further information and assistance about remote weather stations. With a focus on air traffic management, we’re able to demonstrate the ability to deliver a broad variety of solutions to fulfill the demands of airport authorities.

Waste initiatives at airports

Environmentally-conscious decisions are becoming increasingly important in all sectors, including aviation. Airports working to reduce their waste and disposing of it in the right way is key to better environmental outcomes. This is where Hamad International Airport’s new waste initiatives are vital. Read our publication to learn more about Hamad International’s new waste initiative, and why waste initiatives at airports are essential for supporting the environment at this crucial time.


What’s changed at Hamad International Airport?


Hamad International Airport has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Qatari Ministry of Municipality and Environment to develop and implement more effective waste management methods. Hamad International Airport, also known as HIA, has committed to increasing its carbon efficiency to 30% by the end of 2030, becoming one of the most efficient air traffic centres in the world. This commitment has been in place since 2014, but more specific commitments regarding efficient waste management in 2021 is a demonstration of the airport’s dedication to better environmental practices in the long term.


The objectives of the MoU include the promotion of environmental awareness and culture of sustainability at HIA and the development of an integrated system for waste separation, safe transportation, recycling and disposal of waste.


Eng. Badr Mohammed Al Meer, Chief Operating Officer at HIA, said: “We, at HIA, are committed to optimising our airport operations by improving our environmental performance. We are delighted to continue to contribute to Qatar’s National Vision 2030 pillar of environmental development by entering this strategic partnership with the Ministry of Municipality and Environment to further enhance our waste management systems.”


Why is this the role of airports?


Hamad International Airport understands it plays a big part on the level of emissions around the world and believes a significant proportion of the responsibility for carbon savings should fall to airports. This is because airports are some of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases across the globe. A round trip from Hamad International Airport to Heathrow creates 631.4kg of CO2 emissions for every individual passenger, so making moves to reduce waste in the industry contributes to making up for the impact that flying has on the environment.


Wastewater disposal


Disposing of waste consists of much more than solid waste and litter, with liquid waste playing another significant role at airports. Hamad International Airport sits on the eastern coast of Qatar, so ensuring that the wastewater goes through the proper procedures is key. The alternative is wastewater entering the ocean, severely impacting the quality of life for the fish and coral. Qatar is home to Ras Laffan and Fuwayrit, two habitats integral to the survival of sea turtles in the region.


If you’re interested in making use of the latest in airport technology, get in touch with the experts at Bayanat Engineering. Our experienced team offers a range of advanced technology, providing the best possible outcomes for your airport and making sure you work as effectively as possible.

The importance of lightning detection, mapping and warnings in aerospace

The importance of lightning detection, mapping and warnings in aerospace

Having a full understanding of the weather is an integral part of working in the aerospace industry. After all, in the event that your plane comes across inclement weather, you need to know what to expect and when to expect it. This is where lightning detection and warnings are a key part of keeping planes safe. Learn more about lightning detection, mapping and warning in the aerospace industry, and why it helps pilots deal with dangerous weather conditions throughout the duration of a flight.


What is lightning detection?


When airports have weather sensors around the perimeter, they are in place for more than simply detecting the wind and rain. Another key part of weather sensors is detecting lightning. Lightning detectors see pulses of static electricity immediately prior to a lightning strike, working closely in tandem with other lightning detectors and weather stations in triangulating the location of the lightning strike and mapping it for future reference. These networks of detectors exist around the world, accurately mapping lightning strikes all around the world on a constant basis.


Mapping and forecasting


Once organisations have a full idea of the number of strikes, the location of the strikes and the conditions leading up to the strikes, the next stages in the process begin. This entails noting down the precise locations of every lightning strike and using the factors leading up to it to forecast and predict impending lightning strikes. Collecting all of the data surrounding lightning strikes is an integral part of the forecasting process, as it ensures that weather monitoring algorithms see patterns and warn pilots in a timely manner.


Using lightning warnings


In the event that a lightning strike is likely to occur near an airport, the airport and any pilots in the vicinity receive a warning. These lightning warnings not only tell pilots that there is likely to be a lightning strike in the near future but informs the pilot of the probable intensity of the lightning strike and the location lightning strikes are expected. This is a key part of the weather forecasting process, keeping pilots a comfortable distance away from the most severe weather issues and keeping responsible people informed of potentially dangerous situations.


Why are lightning warnings so important?


Although in the majority of cases the charge from a lightning strike has no impact on a plane, there is always the potential for complications. This means that in more violent electrical storms, lightning warnings help pilots to avoid the most severe areas of the storm and keep their passengers as safe as possible. This is especially the case for people with medical assistance such as pacemakers, as electrical currents in the air can have an impact on their condition.



If you’re interested in learning more about weather forecasting and lightning detection systems in airports, including Qatar’s Hamad International Airport, get in touch with the Bayanat Engineering team today. We offer thorough support and advice for airport administrators, ensuring that you have the right weather prediction systems in place to keep your passengers safe and secure.

The importance of surveillance in airport operations

When running an airport, keeping passengers safe is the top priority, whether they’re in the terminal, on the tarmac or on the plane. This is where advanced surveillance systems are key for better airport operations. Learn more about the range of different surveillance systems airports use and how they keep passengers and flight crews as safe as possible in their day to day operations.


Surface Movement Radars


Surface Movement Radars, also known as SMRs or GMRs (for Ground Movement Radars), are radar systems that specifically examine the ground in and around an airport. Controlling the movements of ground vehicles around an airport is an essential part of making sure that aircraft can taxi without any risk of colliding with vehicles such as fuel tankers. Surveilling and tracking the movement of vehicles in this manner means that aircraft are safer in their operations and avoid preventable incidents.


Surface Movement Guidance & Control Systems (ASMGCS)


Surface Movement Guidance & Control Systems are a key aspect of plotting the route of aircraft in a modern airport. When taxiing around the airport, especially a complex campus such as Hamad International Airport, simply telling a plane to taxi to a particular position will not suffice. The ASMGCS dictates a taxi route to the aircraft in question, so everyone arrives in the right place at the right time without any issues regarding traffic on the runway. Staying organised is key to an airport working in the most effective way possible, and an ASMGCS is the first major step towards better organisation.


Multi-lateration systems (MLAT/WAM)


Multi-lateration systems, or wide-angled multi-lateration (WAM) systems, are a means of keeping track of aircraft whilst in the air. Several different listening stations around an airport help to detect an aircraft, establishing the specific direction the signals come from. Listening stations then work together, triangulating the information and locating the plane in the sky. This is a key part of the success of an airport’s surveillance. Knowing where planes are at all times means that the airport keeps pilots on designated routes, preventing collisions and avoiding the dangers of planes coming too close to one another in the air.


Primary & Secondary Surveillance Radars (PSR/MSSR)


Primary and secondary surveillance radars are two separate systems that work closely in tandem with one another. A primary radar sends out radar signals, detecting the location of planes wherever they may be in the sky. However, in the event that two places are too close together, an issue called “garbling” occurs in which two signals appear as one. This is where the MSSR, or secondary surveillance radar, analyses the signals and transmits them at a reduced rate to find the smaller details. The two work closely in tandem and provide a more accurate picture of the skies above.


Bayanat Engineering Qatar


If you’re interested in airport surveillance solutions in Qatar and beyond, get in touch with the Bayanat Engineering team today to discuss recommended solutions and how we can help your airport to perform effectively.