Meteorology and its effect on public safety

Quite often, we tend to judge our day by its weather conditions. Who doesn’t like a warm sunny afternoon with clear blue skies and a hint of fresh breeze? Indeed, fair weather can drastically improve moods, but its conditions extend far beyond leisure time.

The weather has historically been a key factor in the development of various human civilizations, as they strived to accommodate and build in accordance with their given climate conditions and day-to-day meteorological changes.

The weather remains a key factor in our life. As per the World Meteorological organization, observing changes in weather is crucial for various sectors. While the latter definitely include tourism, transport, aviation, public health and safety, other longer-term actions, such as international cooperation, environmental protection and scientific development, rely on meteorology as well.

In fact, accelerated climate change has rendered the need of for accurate and timely observations even more important in these last few decades. Public safety has become a larger topic of concern with heatwaves, extreme rainfall or even natural disasters occurring all the more frequently and having bigger impact. In fact, extreme weather has been given a second place on the list of Top 10 Global Risks by Severity Over the next 10 years, as estimated by the 2022 report of the World Economic Forum. Climate action failure took the first place in this hall of shame.

To prevent costly damages to property and potential loss of life, meticulous weather measurements should be conducted at all times. This is why the modern-day meteorologists require the best equipment to adequately perform this uneasy task. Our ancestors’ observations of the sky do not suffice any more. New technologies in the field of meteorology have been developed to predict the changes in weather with the highest possible accuracy.

Which technology is being used?

High-performance computing (HPC), used in complex highspeed calculations and data processing, is being deployed in weather and climate research. It allows scientists to analyze multiplex data models and draw conclusions, based on a multitude of the examined factors.

This technology is used to give very precise weather simulations and data-heavy weather models. Due to the system’s high performance, it significantly reduces the time taken to alert authorities of potential dangers, which helps save lives.

To collect the crucial geospatial, climate and atmospheric data, scientists rely on meteorological sensors, satellites and weather stations all over the world.

The collected information is then transformed into weather models and that cover different periods in the past, as well as make predictions for the future changes in weather and climate.

The accurate weather warnings, based on these data models, are generated via predictive analytics technologies. This is crucial in preventing damages from natural disasters, as it could help evacuate the inhabitants of a certain area in due time. The analytics could also be used in everyday life. To design schedules, for example, or to decide when schools and establishments should remain closed.

Beyond that, accurate weather measurements coupled with appropriate measures could help with other problems on the World Economic Forum’s report. In the case of livelihood crises (5th spot on the chart), predicting the weather in advance could help prevent cut-offs in food supplies for more isolated areas, as world leaders would have time to find alternative sources of nourishment, thanks to the quick and reliable forecasts.

As our very life processes remain anchored to weather and climate, it is important that we know when to take appropriate measures when the time calls. This is why the research and technology in the field of meteorology should develop and achieve new standards continuously.

Effective airport operations

Airports host millions of travelers all year long. It isn’t a simple task to establish order in such conditions, but it is essential to both the functioning of the hub and its visitors. Every process must be completed accurately, every check-up made certain.
In addition to a battalion of well-trained staff members, this requires a variety of new and advanced technology, an invaluable helper in our day and age. From communication to infrastructure to data-based solutions, here are the indispensable factors that must be respected for airports to function properly.


Ever heard the saying “communication is key”? Nothing could be more true or important, as clear and timely transmission of information between the staff members of the airport is the number one component of the proper airport operations. Communication channels must be put in place and multiplied, in order to ensure that all parties always remain informed of the situation and developments in airport.

Various devices are employed to facilitate and accelerate this process, so as to guarantee the smooth flow of the airport’s daily routine and potentially avoid accidents. Here’s is a non-exhaustive list of some of these methods.

To begin with, several primary solutions such as the message handling and aeronautical information systems are installed in airports, as per the requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). Some of these provide live display of information about the arriving and departing flights to all the Aeronautical information services (AIS) users around the globe.

Others, such as the ATS Message Handling system, are meant for ground-to-ground communication, between the different parts and vehicles of the airport.

The two-way air-to-ground communication, used between aircrafts and operators is also an essential factor in the safety of the flight.

This method nowadays tends to use radar signaling.

As for the cabin crew on board of the aircraft, they communicate with the air controllers and other flights in the vicinity via very high-frequency (VHF) and ultra-high frequency (UHF) and radio communications.

Finally, the Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Network (AFTN) is a global complex of aeronautical fixed circuits. This helps transfer and exchange signals and data between airports all over the world.


If communication is the core aspect of a functioning airport, a durable shell of infrastructure should envelop this complex network of data transmission.

Various parts, such as pathways between terminals should be clearly labeled and accessible. These should further be connected to the airfields, ensuring safe landing and departures of the aircrafts. Investing in high quality services, such as provided by Bayanat Engineering, has therefore become a priority of airports worldwide.

Infrastructure also incorporates clear signage and public address systems that indicates directions to the passengers, hence improving the overall workflow of the aerial hub.

It is also important to know that clear signage is essential when it comes to safety, such as in the case of emergency or a potential need for evacuation.

The digital 

Throughout it all, a whole plethora of digital solutions have further facilitated the running of the airport. These range from scanners, to surveillance, to information exchange, to flight update reading devices. The electronically transmitted data arrives faster and is more accurate. All the best airports around the world have implemented these now crucial measures that have increased their functioning thousandfold.

Bayanat Engineering, the Qatari company credited with supplying the renowned Hamad International Airport, has a large catalogue of services and solutions adapted to optimize flow of the airport operations. For more information, visit

Drones and anti-drone technology

Once employed exclusively by the military, drones are making their grand entrance on the commercial scene.

Today, they become more and more present in a variety of industries, ranging from first aid to engineering to journalism. We even tend to hear about their amateur use by influencers and photographers, just to name a few.

Drones’ increasing presence in our everyday life could be attributed to their constant evolution and affordability.

While the advantages or even the necessity of drones cannot be underestimated, their use has also become subject of debate, mainly due to the danger that they pose to security. A number of incidents involving drones, whether deliberate or accidental, have already been recorded around the world.

Other than the terrestrial objects, aerial bodies could, too, be jeopardised when encountering drones on their trajectory.

One field particularly preoccupied by the presence of drones in the airspace is the aeronautic industry. The devices, sometimes inadvertently operated in the vicinity of commercial aircrafts, put the plane and its passengers at risk.

With the growing number of amateur drone use, the frequency of close encounters with the unmanned devices has increased significantly in the last few years.

To limit the potential dangers caused by the drones, specific counter-technology has been developed. Previously employed in the military – just like their target – the anti-drone solutions are now present in the airports and their proximity. Their impact on drones varies and they are not all technology related. Let’s explore.

Monitoring and detection : 

The best way to avoid clashes with drones is to prevent them from happening in advance. It is therefore essential that airports have drone monitoring equipment in their arsenal.

We can distinguish between the two major categories: active and passive.

Passive monitors are constantly scanning the surroundings for drones, sending signals if their presence is spotted.

As for the active monitoring, these devices send out signals that analyse and classify the drone in question and then provide the specific details about it. Some of these could even discern the digital fingerprint of the drone’s user.

These monitors could give the away the drone’s exact location and follow it in real time – an essential piece of information for the deployment of countermeasures.

Specific tools that remove drones from the vicinity of airports and planes are then used in conjunction with the monitoring devices. It is always best to try to preserve the drone, whether to give it back to its user or for examination, in case of a more serious threat. Different methods and technologies have been developed to provide appropriate measures in due time.

Birds of prey

First on this list : our little friends, birds of prey. Known for their hunting of other avifauna whose presence could disturb flights, these predators are now able to latch onto winged opponents of non-living nature. Nowadays, birds of prey are trained to find and intercept drones. The advantage of using birds is that they do not damage the craft as they bring it down. Old-school but effective.

GPS Spoofers

On the more technological side, we have these devices that interfere with the drone’s GPS receiver to disorient it and to make it believe to be localised elsewhere. More specifically, they alter the communication link of the drone through a signal that briefly delays the connection between the airborne device and its controller, followed by a stronger signal that completely severs it.

The control of the drone goes to the spoofer and the device could later be given to its owner in one piece.

Radio Frequency (RF) Jammers

However, when neither the nature, nor the “benign” technology are sufficient to prevent an imminent threat, other devices could be employed.

These devices overwhelm drones by blocking the signals from the controller with their radio wave emissions. Their signal is attuned to the same frequency and modulation as that of the drone’s. Essentially, they, too, cut off the  link communication between the craft and its controller.

RF jammers aim for precision by focusing the electromagnetic energy on the drone, so as to avoid impairing the nearby equipment. This method has its disadvantages, as it is very short-range and could still cause collateral damage.

As for the drones, once attacked by the radio waves, they could fly away aimlessly or undergo a crash landing.
HPM Devices

Just like the RF devices, these operate on the electromagnetic signals. The microwave pulses, emitted by the HPM devices interfere with the drone’s radio signals. They can go as far as to damage the very components of the craft, depending on the latter’s durability.

The signals of the HPM devices are sent out in a single direction, so as to prevent collateral damage. However, this could sometimes not be avoided, making RF jammers truly a last resort tool (especially given its high cost).

These are some of the devices that could be found in airports and military bases. Others, more destructive ones, are employed primarily by the armed forces, so as to prevent attacks and ensure the land’s safety.

If you are interested in learning more about or even investing in drone counter-technology, Bayanat Engineering has a wide variety of products that could be tailored to your particular situation.

Bayanat Engineering — A solution provider in aviation and navigation

Bayanat Engineering — A solution provider in aviation and navigation

  Bayanat Engineering — A solution provider in aviation and navigation

The Peninsula

Navigation could be described as controlling and operating the movement of a craft from one location to another. We can, therefore, distinguish many types of navigation: marine, air, military and even one used in the oil and gas industry.

It is a study dating back to the earliest human civilisations, with the ancient travellers relying on the position of the stars and hand-drawn maps. Indeed, the instruments of navigation have always been a crucial part of the process, as they allowed for the highest possible precision and proper displacement of a vehicle or a craft. Unfortunately, the star position-based estimations and, later, analogue tools such as compasses and astrolabes, used back in the day were not enough to provide utmost precision. That has evolved with the age of technology. Nowadays, numerical devices and instruments are employed within the different sectors of this study, largely improving the exactness and pinpointing of the vehicles’ location and, hence, aiding the navigators in their paths.

So, what are some technologies and systems put in place to ensure the proper functioning of all of these various operations?

Satellite-based systems

You have probably guessed it, the modern-day navigation relies largely on the Global Navigation Satellite systems (GNSS), such as your global positioning system. You may know it as, simply, GPS.  As we’ve said previously, in aviation precision is of the highest importance and so the GNSS are alimented by what we call “augmentation systems”. There are three types: ground-bases, satellite-based (SBAS) and aircraft-based augmentation systems.  The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) prescribes these to improve the performance-based navigation. For instance, SBAS, supports wide-area and regional augmentation of information.

Radio frequency-based solutions 

Once within the range of the aerodrome, the airplane is guided by many other tools.

Firstly, we have instrument landing systems (ILS). This infrastructure’s functioning is based on radio frequency emission and is implemented in short-range guidance for the planes as they approach a runway in obscure weather conditions, such as in rain, at dusk or at night-time. This is a critical safety measure, used along with the airport lighting to help pilots determine the exact position of the runways. An example of ILS, which you may recognise is the glide path localiser. Another radio frequency-based equipment used in aviation is one that measures the distance between the airplane and the ground station (DME). It is used during landing and en-route.

Aircraft also use Doppler VHF omnidirectional range (DVOR), which operates over a short to medium-range distance in order to determine the flight’s bearing and aid it during approach to the aerodrome. As their name suggests, DVORS send omnidirectional radio signals to the receiving units that could identify the crafts’ exact positions, helping them maintain travel in the right direction.

Interestingly, in military, we see the use of TACAN or tactical air navigation. This is a more precise version of the above-mentioned VOR and DME systems.

We also have non-directional radio beacons, which are not only used in aviation but also, in marine navigation. Unlike the other discussed systems, these operate over a longer range and lower altitudes, as they follow the curvature of the Earth. This also implies that these signals are affected by geographical factors such terrain types, weather and atmospheric conditions.  Following the touchdown, an aircraft needs to be guided to the parking area. Advanced Visual Docking Guidance System (A-VDGC) is an essential solution that provides pilots with information necessary for and smooth travelling across the aerodrome grounds, avoiding potential obstacles on taxiways and leading the plane straight to the jetways.

The modern navigation tools vary in their purposes and functioning, and multiply as world travelling grows. The solutions presented are only a fraction of the existing instruments that help guide pilots and their craft, ensuring safety and precision throughout the journey. Bayanat engineering specialises in civil and military aviation solutions, as well as in those related to marine and oil and gas navigation.

Bayanat Engineering: Airport surveillance and security

Airports, the international hubs of the world, oversee the passage of millions of visitors every year. With large crowds constantly circulating, it is essential to ensure not only their safety, but that of the entire airport, maintaining its proper and lawful functioning. It is also important to prevent any potential threat from entering the country.

And so, there is a plethora of techniques put in place to ensure security of the passengers, staff, equipment, vehicles and aircraft at any given location of the facility.

Security and surveillance equipment is most commonly used to observe the traffic in the monitored zone, including potential animals, vehicles or people on the site. It also detects unfavourable meteorological conditions or other aircraft in sight of the runway. These infrastructures operate both at daytime and at night, the latter being a more risky period in terms of potential threats due to lower visibility.

The Surface Movement Guidance and Control System

It is important to know that the airports are equipped with a special surveillance system, called the Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (ASMGCS). This includes a variety of different devices and infrastructure.

More generally, these could be separated into two parts: non-cooperative surveillance (Surface movement radars, microwave sensors), and cooperative surveillance, among which, you could find the Multilateration system.
According to the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the ASMGCS maintains the rate of all vehicles’ and aircraft’s movement on the surface of the aerodrome, by providing these with routing, guidance and surveillance. It declares the surface movement rate in any given weather conditions that enter into the aerodrome visibility operational level. Finally, it also assures safety requirements are met.

Different types of radars

Based on this, you can imagine that the infrastructure consists of various important components. We have already mentioned the Surface Movement radars (SMR, GMR), these are used by surface traffic controllers to detect aircraft and vehicles on the airport grounds, during the day, the night, at dusk, dawn and, more generally, in low visibility conditions. This very precise equipment is designed to provide callsigns that identify the target, as well as send warnings in case of a potential danger.

But this isn’t quite the end of the radar use in aviation. The spectre of these devices is huge, and each type contributes its specific role to the surveillance and safety of the airport and aircrafts. For instance, the primary surveillance radar (PSR), the only one that does not require any specific equipment on board of the aircraft, uses reflected radio waves to determine the latter’s coordinates and direction. The aircraft receives the radio signal from the radar and emits it back to the PSR’s antenna.

However, the primary radar, apart from determining an object’s position, is unable to identify the exact target. This is where the secondary radar comes into play.

Another component of the ASMGCS that we’ve addressed are the multilareration systems (MLAT), which are a part of the cooperative surveillance. As with the radars, the accuracy of the multilateration systems is a crucial aspect of their functioning. They provide information on the vehicle’s position to its exterior recipients, i.e., to the air traffic controller.

Detecting objects outside the aircraft

Automatic Dependent Surveillance technologies (ADS-B/TIS-B), reliant on the satellite navigation, are used by an aircraft to determine its exact position, so that it is broadcast and tracked. Not only does the airport staff depend on this information, but other airplanes in the area also need to be aware of each other’s positions, in order to avoid accidents and, hence, contributes to air navigation safety.

But it isn’t only airplanes that could get in the way of their winged homologues. On the ground, what is referred to as the runway foreign objects debris (FOD), constitutes any objects fallen from the aircraft, broken ground equipment or even birds. To maintain the overall safety of the aerodrome, many other types of surveillance are put in place for runways and airside. These and many other aviation solutions are provided by the engineering companies such as Bayanat Engineering, the latter being a leader in its sector in the Middle East. The company provides surveillance and security systems, along with many other solutions to large international airports including Hamad International Airport. If you are interested in checking them out, please visit:

Bayanat Engineering Qatar: Supplying with extra-low voltage and current systems  

Bayanat Engineering Qatar: Supplying with extra-low voltage and current systems

Nowadays, we see more and more enterprises invest in extra-low voltage (ELV) and current systems. These systems are energy and cost efficient and implementing them into what is called a “smart building” promotes both sustainability and interconnectivity within the infrastructure. It comes as no surprise that airports around the world are, too, beginning to incorporate the ELV systems into their construction. Hamad International Airport is no exception, having been supplied by the Bayanat Engineering group with Extra-low voltage and current systems.

“So, where exactly are these systems used?” one might ask. Spoiler: the employment of the ELV stretches across a number of sectors in the airport framework. It covers anything from security and communications to air conditioning to cell phone and wireless distribution – and these are only a few examples! But before exploring some of uses, let us first explain what Extra-low voltage and current systems are.

Explaining ELV and low current systems
Extra-low voltage and current systems are put in places where a risk of an electricity-related hazard may occur. This, of course, implies a plethora of different infrastructure within an airport. In engineering, a device using the ELV system is one that operates in the range of 50 Volts alternative current (V a.c.) and 120 Volts direct current (V d.c.). Special isolating transformers deliver power to these devices through their secondary windings (coils that carry energy at the transformed voltage to the appliance).

The secondary, as well as the primary windings’ insulation is known for its high impulse withstand levels. In fact, the distance between the live elements (carrying the electrical current to the appliances) in an extra-low voltage system has to at least correspond to that of the two windings.

The various uses of ELV in an airport

Now that the technical side of things is laid out, let us dive into the application of these structures. As previously stated, they are used in a variety of sectors around the aerodrome. Here are a few notable areas of their implementation:

Safety and security 

Let us start with the most important — the safety of anyone present on the airport grounds. In previous articles, we have discussed the many security systems that are put in place in airports around the world.

Extra-low voltage and current systems are also used in devices, tailored to ensure protection of the airport visitors. Namely, they are installed in the fire alarm and fire suppression infrastructure. These are programmed to immediately alert the airport staff about any emergency development within and without the building, while, at the same time, ensuring the overall safety of the aerodrome.

It is important to know that the airport data centres, that store customer information, and therefore have to be efficiently and carefully operated and protected at all times, also rely on the ELV set-up.

Communications and information 

The information-communications sector is highly reliant on the system, too. For instance, ELV is used in command-and-control rooms, wayfinding, as well as in public announcements and messages that one could constantly hear at an airport, as a part of the Public address and voice alarm system (PA/VA). You might have guessed that it is also used in the digital signage and video walls, such as the electronic signboards that display arrival and departure times, or the baggage claim information. Video boards could also be used for a better visibility of information (due to their size), as well as for airport advertising. You might have seen one projecting right in front of the famous Lamp Bear, a landmark of the Hamad International Airport.

Another communications sector where the ELV is used is the satellite and master antenna TV systems, such as that in Hamad International Airport.

Timing and smooth operating of the airport systems

ELV is also used in devices and infrastructure that are responsible for maintaining efficient functioning of the various airport sectors and systems; such devices include master clocks. These could be describes as “directing” parts of the synchronised airport clock network, relaying timing signals to the “slave” clocks. Building management systems (BMS) also operate on ELV.

As we have seen, airports become increasingly reliant on extra-low voltage and current systems, as more and more devices are developed to operate on these structures.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar for exciting meteorological & environmental solutions

The Peninsula

Doha: Meteorology is the science dealing with the atmosphere and its phenomena, including both weather and climate. Where did the practice of meteorology come from?

Though it’s hard to pinpoint exactly where the origins of meteorology lie in history, many attributes its beginnings to Aristotle, who wrote about metrology way back in 350BC.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar is reliable meteorology solutions provider in Qatar with spanning a range of systems and tools.  Meteorology is a key component within many sectors.

The main sectors that incorporate meteorology into their daily workings include aviation, marine, oil and gas, and military. Countries use meteorology in order to predict the climate change and other phenomena like earthquakes, flooding and other – this can help prepare and prevent the consequence and minimize risk for its citizens.

Bayanat Engineering is proud to have built some of the world’s leading weather forecasting systems for Qatar’s meteorology department and other government entities in Qatar.

There is various interesting technology in meteorology, here are some of them:

Cloud seeding: If you want to make it rain – cloud seeding is an answer. Cloud seeding involves modifying a cloud’s structure to increase the chance of precipitation. Cloud seeding is one of the most advanced and helpful tools in meteorology.

Rain gauges: A rain gauge is a solution used by meteorologists and hydrologists to gather and measure the amount of liquid precipitation over an area in a predefined area, period of time. It is used for determining the depth of precipitation (usually in mm ) that occurs over a unit area and thus measuring rainfall amount.

Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS): An AWOS is a configurable weather system, designed specifically for airports.

It delivers real-time information about weather conditions continuously, to ensure pilots can take off in safe weather conditions. AWOS units most commonly report the latest weather updates in 20-minute intervals. This is ideal for airports that need regular and reliable weather reports to ensure optimal flying conditions for every flight.

Meteorological sensors: Meteorological sensors are most typically deployed on buoys, though they are also commonly set up on towers and across runways. Like AWOSs, meteorological sensors accurately measure a variety of weather conditions and other aviation affecting factors.

An essential element of meteorology is understanding how climate conditions can change quickly. Meteorological sensors are usually placed near a body of water and help to measure changes in weather and climate.

There are other solutions and technologies in meteorology that are used in various sectors: MET Forecasting/Visualisation Systems, Runway Visual Range (RVR), Weather RADARs, LIDARs (Windshear/Wake Vortex Measurement), Thermo Dynamic Profiler/RadioMeters, Lightning detection systems, Radiosonde/weather telemetry systems and Weather Decision Support System.

Hassan Ezzeddine, General Manager Bayanat Engineering Qatar (pictured), said: “Every day, our team at Bayanat Engineering Qatar is dedicated to help our customers to undertake meteorological challenges with simplicity. Our priority is to apprehend operational and efficient tools for them. To achieve this goal, we have dedicated staff with experience and set of skills to serve our customers’ needs.”

“Being major player in Qatar market, we have strong partnership with internationally accredited organizations that have valued our support in implementing their technologies in the region,” he said.

Bayanat Engineering: Qatar’s leading meteorological and environmental solutions provider

“Meteorology is the study of the processes in the Earth’s atmosphere that cause particular weather conditions, especially in order to predict the weather.” – Collins Dictionary. 

Meteorology is used in weather forecasting and predictions about the climate – it can be dated over 1,000 years ago but substantial meteorology innovations were not made until the 18th century.

Since the 18th century, however, meteorology technology has advanced significantly. While we do not think about it in our daily activities, it is possible you have come across it without realisation. Whether you check the forecast, take a plane or even encounter rain on the day – you are unknowingly using the meteorology solutions.

Meteorology influences multiple industries and daily processes.

Countries need meteorology and its reliable systems to prepare and monitor extreme weather conditions, to ensure its citizens safety on the daily basis, as well as meteorology technology is crucial in agriculture, military, aviation, environmental, urban planning and other sectors.

Example of meteorology importance is the airport, the more reliable their services will be as they won’t have to cancel flights last-minute, as they will be able to predict and identify weather patterns, Although the climate in Qatar is predominately pleasant and dry, understanding meteorology is still essential for airports in Qatar to ensure they can provide safe and reliable flights for their passengers.

Bayanat Engineering is honoured to have built some of the world’s leading weather forecasting systems for airports, and are happy to play a part in creating systems that keep Oil and Gas industry experts, aviation, military, and other government and civil entities safe and advanced in weather and meteorological solutions in Qatar.

Solutions in various fields

Aviation: It is apparent that weather conditions affect the flight schedule and are important for Air Traffic control and crucial part of aviation industry. Example would be the use of runway visual range (RVR) systems to ensure a clear and safe landing strip for the pilot to land their aircraft. The RVR is calculated using transmissometers, which are a piece of equipment installed along runways to determine the visual range left until the aircraft’s landing point.

Oil and Gas: This industry is another example of the importance of weather solutions as they are located any where from the middle of the ocean to deep underground. Rapid changes in weather conditions or harsh weather phenomena can affect the mining of oil and gas and threaten employees. That’s where meteorology comes in – using equipment such as automated weather observing systems (AWOS) and weather decision support systems (WDSS), oil and gas companies can continuously monitor the weather and modify their working strategies consequently.

Military: The military is responsible for defence involved in the navy and marine, as well as military aviation, all of which depend on weathercasting aspects. This means it is important to monitor it at all times. In addition to that, remote weather monitoring stations are implemented throughout camps in order to achieve the highest and most accurate levels for weather data collection.

Solutions examples

Rain gaugessmart water monitoring. The amount of rainfall is key to industries such as agriculture, which relies on the climate to grow produce. In addition to that, it affects the infrastructure and urban planning development, affects aviation sectors, oil and gas industries and other.

Lightning detection systems: contains a network of sensors which calculate the electromagnetic radiation that is released by lightning. The sensor network uses the radiation data to predict where lightning may strike and at what strength.

Wind profiler: This is a piece of equipment that is used to monitor wind speed, direction and conditions. Wind profilers use sound waves (SODAR) or radar waves (RADAR) to detect these conditions at various levels above the ground – from sea level right up to the troposhere (zero to 17 kilometres above sea level).
These wind measurement systems are able to detect vertical and horizontal wind speed, thermal stratification, turbulence and direction, as well as measuring remote temperature profiles within the atmosphere.

Outdoor air purifiers: with environmental issues being of growing worldwide worry, companies and governments around the world are looking at ways to reduce carbon emissions and reverse the negative impacts of pollution on our planet. Air pollution from vehicle emissions, agricultural activities and other industries are likely to blame for the increase in human respiratory illnesses – not to mention the devastating effects of rising global temperatures. Pollution is a significant problem in many countries – particularly in urban environments. Industries such as transportation and aviation have a large role to play in helping to keep our air clean, so companies are increasingly looking for ways to cancel out emissions.

Additional solutions for meteorology: 

  • Weather Decision Support Systems
  • Radiometers
  • Radiosonde
  • Cloud Seeding
  • MET Forecasting/Visualisation Systems
  • Meteorological sensors
  • Automated Weather Observing Systems (AWOS)
  • Runway Visual Range (RVR)
  • Weather RADARs
  • LIDARs (Windshear/Wake Vortex Measurement)
  • Thermo Dynamic Profiler/RadioMeters
  • Radiosonde/weather telemetry systems
  • Weather Decision Support Systems

“Bayanat Engineering Qatar has always strived for excellence and success beyond expectations. Being the industry experts, we provide our best solutions and always achieve the expectation and beyond. We have proven track record of various completed projects, as well as  industry experts on board that we are proud of. Some of past projects implemented in Qatar by Bayanat Engineering Qatar are:

  • Design & Build of Mukaynis Metrology Center
  • Supply, testing, and commissioning of Automatic Rain Gauges
  • Upgradation, Improvement of complete meteorological systems installed at HIA
  • Supply, installation, and configuration of Weather Radar Rainbow user workstation (DART)
  • Supply, Installation & Commissioning of Runway Visual Range (RVR) Redundancy System in Hamad International Airport

All completed  projects  have been delivered  with appreciation certificates from clients, as well as Mukaynis Meteorology Center was inaugurated by Prime Minister and Minister of Interior H E Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani,” General Manager of Bayanat Engineering Qatar Hassan Ezzeddine said.

This depicts the level of the effort that we put in and that we always work hard in order to achieve the greatest outcomes possible for Qatar projects. Our motto is – we believe in trust- and transparency and our work always speak for itself. We appreciate our clients for trusting us and we hope to be able to achieve even better results for our customer’s satisfaction,” Ezzeddine added.

Meteorology touches every part of our lives, whether we’re aware of it directly through an interest in weather or it’s something we don’t even consider as we board our flight. An understanding of it is fundamental to daily ongoings, including logistics and even land management, enabling us to plan and predict life, especially in adverse conditions – which meteorology allows us to navigate.

It is important to comprehend the accuracy of the technology that is used in such vital part of our lives and Bayanat Engineering Qatar can deliver it to the excellent standards.

Qatar’s top engineering company partners with over 50 Global partners to provide world-class civil and military engineering aerospace solutions.


Qatar’s top engineering company partners with over 50 Global partners to provide world-class civil and military engineering aerospace solutions. 

Qatar-owned Bayanat Engineering’s wide international partnership network with prestigious companies provide Qatar with high-quality information and communication, navigation, meteorology, Air Traffic Management, specialised lighting, low voltage & low current systems, surveillance, passenger and traffic movement operations.

By partnering with major technology providers, including Frequentis, Saab, Vaisala, Micronav, Corobor, Jotron, ParkAir, Honeywell etc Bayanat Engineering strategizes and designs clients’ projects, primarily in aviation, from start-to-finish to the highest standards.

“Our valuable partnership with international partners is build on trust and experience,” Hassan Ezzeddine, General Manager Bayanat Engineering Qatar said.

The engineering group works with industry-leading experts and businesses all over the world providing innovative solutions through top-notch products and services from across the globe.

Furthermore, Bayanat has partnered with over 150 international collaborators to form the largest portfolio of proven aviation solutions from leading international manufacturers and delivered over 1,300 successful projects around the world.

Read also: HIA to install new radars to improve air traffic surveillance

“Through mutual respect and understanding we achieved and established genuine and sincere relationships, which are the foundation of a solid long-term collaboration. We grow stronger each year, as we devote ourselves to common vision – delivering best solutions to our client’s gratification and needs.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar partnering up with the internationally accredited and recognised companies has delivered outstanding results in the field and continuous to implement their high-quality work.

The engineering solutions provided by Bayanat, such as radar detection, FOD, AGL, remote tower, digital tower, rain gauge, specialised lighting and many other plays crucial role in safety and security as well as efficiency of the operations.

“Matching vision and mission between partners in achieving goals have created a mutually beneficial environment for Bayanat Engineering Qatar and the partners in order to represent them in Qatar market. We are proud to work with the companies oriented on quality and innovation, as it helps us be the best in the field and deliver best results possible,” he added.

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Established in 1983, the company has risen to the top of their field and are a key player in the aviation sector in Qatar, working with Qatar Civil Aviation, Qatar Airways, and Qatar Meteorological Department, Qatar Petroleum, Qatar Aeronautical Academy, Military and Defence, specialising in air traffic management, airside and terminal systems, to meet the needs of airport authorities, air navigation service providers, civil aviation authorities and military and defence.

Bayanat Engineering: Specialists in airport lighting, signage projects

Have you ever peered out of your aircraft window and spied multicoloured lights that line the runway as your flight prepares to take off? Their gleam and colour catch the eye, but their purpose is far more important than mere aesthetics. In fact, they constitute specialised lighting for runway and airport and play a crucial role in ensuring the safe passage of planes while on or near the ground.
As for the different colours, they are arranged in precise patterns, that are universally recognised by the different international airports, and represent the various points of the taxiway and runway. This helps orient the pilot and other users of the aeronautical ground when the visibility is low. There are about 9 colour combinations of specialised lighting found in airports.
The different lighting systems of the airport and its proximity
• Taxiways and runways: Taxiway edge lights are blue. They can be both recessed or elevated and are sometimes followed by green in-pavement centreline lights. Their colour is different from that of the runways, which are represented by a white centreline that gradually turns amber towards the approaching of the lift-off.
• Approach and apron lighting: Approaching the runway, a pilot needs to be guided towards its exact whereabouts. There are special series of lightbars and strobe lights lining this passageway, called the approach lighting system (ALS).  At the heart of the airport, aprons, or areas where passengers climb onboard and leave, where aircrafts are parked upon arrival, are marked by apron floodlights. Not only do they help maintain overall security in this zone, but also provide appropriate illumination for the embarkation and debarkation of passengers and cargo.
• Heliport lighting: Outside the usual taxiways and runways, one can find heliports, or areas delimited for the take-off and landing of helicopters. These have a special lighting system as well. You might have noticed in movies that their lights are arranged in a circular or square pattern. Sometimes, the airplane taxiway is in the heliport’s proximity. Therefore, to avoid confusing the two, the latter is lined with yellow lights.
• The significance of signage: Signage is another obligatory means of guiding pilots and vehicles that operate around the taxiways and runways, as it indicates direction and provides information. Two main types can be distinguished: Operational guidance signs and mandatory instruction signs. Marked by special letters, numbers, symbols and, of course, colour, they are just as crucial in ensuring safe passage of planes, although, airports smaller than Hamad International Airport may have little to no such signs.
Together, these luminaries and their ancillaries make up the airfield ground lighting. All the different illumination types could be controlled simultaneously or airfield by airfield via the lighting control and monitoring systems of the airport (ALCMS). The intensity of the lights could also be alternated between high, medium and low for appropriate meteorological conditions. It is important to measure their precise intensity. Photometry and calibration (MALMS) are, hence, used to help with maintenance and measuring of the ground light of the airfield. The measurements of beam intensity and orientation of the Airfield Lighting should be done regularly. Airports also have to submit a report about their installations, which complies with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) standards and meets the safety regulation requirements for a Preventive Maintenance System for Airfield Lighting.
Outside the airport
Obstruction lights: Specialised lighting is employed outside the aerodromes just as well. On your night flights, it probably occurred to you to find piercing red lights on the rooftops of the Doha skyline, or other towers and tall buildings, as you fly above. It is absolutely necessary to mark elevated structures with these lights to avoid any accidents and indicate their exact position for the passing aircrafts in gloomy or dark conditions. The rules of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) prescribe that the buildings outreaching 200 feet (60 m) above ground be marked by paint or luminaries. As per ICAO, this height is lowered down to about 148 feet (45 m).
These beacon and obstruction lightings vary according to terrain, geographic location, weather conditions of the area, but also types of structures. Interestingly, wind turbines have their own prescribed norms for lighting. So, what are the different types of obstruction lights?  There are the LED elevated aviation red obstruction lights. Their light is omnidirectional and has an Infra-red option. The other two types are Medium-intensity and high-intensity obstruction white lights.
Bayanat Engineering, an expert in the area, has been a provider of high-quality specialised lighting for airfields and heliports, guidance signage, obstruction and beacon lighting, MALMS and ALCMS in various large international airports. In effect, Bayanat Engineering has led specialised lighting and signage projects in Doha’s very own Hamad International Airport.