History of aviation in Qatar

History of aviation in Qatar
Qatar is well-known for its aviation background and history. As the country sees increased economic and population growth, transport is becomingly increasingly important to Qatar. Home to one of the world’s busiest airports and the largest airlines, Qatar has become a country that is associated with aviation and aeronautics.
Qatar Airways
Qatar Airways is one of the world’s largest and well-known airlines. From their base in Doha, they link to over 150 destinations around the world. Serving in 6 continents, the airline has won the prestigious Airline of the Year award many times, including most recently in 2019.
Qatar Airways started out in 1994. At this time, the airline was only a small regional carrier, serving only a few short routes. One of the first commercial flights to leave Qatar was the A7-AEA Airbus A330-300. By 1995, the airline had a fleet of 2 Airbuses, that served routes to Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Bangkok and Tokyo. In 1997, flights to London were launched. By 2008, the fleet had grown from 4 aircraft to 50, and today the airline has a fleet of 212 aircraft.
In 2009, Qatar Airways was the first airline to conduct a commercial passenger flight using a mixture of kerosene and synthetic gas-to-liquids fuel. The Airbus A340-600 travelled from London Gatwick Airport to Doha using this fuel. In 2016, Qatar Airways was the first airline to land an Airbus A350 on American soil.
The longest and shortest flights
In 2016, Qatar Airways launched what was at the time the longest flight in the world. This flight from Doha to Auckland leaves daily and covers a distance of 14,536 kilometres. The flight journey is approximately 8 and a half hours.
This year also saw the shortest scheduled A380 flight from Qatar. This service flies from Dubai to Doha, covering a distance of just 379 kilometres and taking 1 hour and 20 minutes.
Hamad International Airport
There is only one commercial airport in Qatar, which is the Hamad International Airport. In 2014, Hamad International Airport replaced the former Doha International Airport to become Qatar’s principal airport. The Doha International Airport is now used as a military airport.
The Hamad International Airport was named as the 50th busiest airport in the world in 2016. That year it served over 37 million passengers. Located in the south of Doha, this airport was opened in April 2014 with a Qatar Airways ceremonial flight landing from Doha International Airport.
In 2019 Hamad International Airport saw an increase in annual passenger traffic by 12.4%, as over 38.8 million passengers used the airport. The airport has two parallel runaways which are located 2 kilometres away from each other. The first runway is thought to be the longest in Western Asia as well as one of the longest in the world.
Bayanat Engineering Qatar has a long history of working in the aviation industry in Qatar. Having completed engineering work at Hamad International Airport, our company is well trusted and our team are experts in areas such as air traffic management and navigation. For more information about our services, contact us today.

Oil and gas industry safety

Oil and gas industry safety
Oil and gas is the lifeblood of the economy in Qatar. In fact, Qatar has the third-largest natural gas reserve in the world and is the number one exporter of natural gas in the world. Roughly 70% of Qatar’s revenue comes from selling and trading its oil and gas resources. In this blog post, we explore the oil and gas industry in Qatar in more detail and analyse the measures put in place to maintain safety in the industry.
The largest oil field in Qatar is the Durkan Field, an on-shore oil field which was first drilled in the late 1930s. Although the Durkan Field is on-shore, the majority of Qatar’s oil production sites are off-shore. In 2017, Qatar reported that there were 25.5 billion barrels of oil within its reserve and claimed they were producing 1.9 million barrels of oil per day. With both on and off-shore sites, the oil and gas industry in Qatar faces unique security risks, just some of which are outlined below…
• Surveillance
Surveillance is required both to ensure employees are safe at all times and to ensure no unauthorised individuals or vehicles are trying to gain access to the oil field.
• Communication
As shown by the 2011 BP oil spill, an accident within an oil field can have fatal consequences. Efficient communication systems are needed within oil fields to maintain employee safety and to ensure potential problems are navigated efficiently and quickly.
• Air traffic management
No planes, boats or cars should be authorised and given access to the oil field unless strictly necessary. Air traffic management solutions, such as radar and sonar will help to identify and mitigate all potential transport issues.
The relationship between the Qatar government and the oil and gas industry
The oil and gas industry within Qatar dominates more than 85% of the country’s export profit and accounts for 60% of its gross domestic product. Although the oil and gas industry has proven to be consistently profitable for Qatar, in 2017 the government decided to diversify its economic portfolio to ensure the country isn’t completely reliant on fossil fuels.
In 2018, The state-owned petroleum country, Qatar Petroleum, merged with the gas operating companies Qatargas and RasGas, streamlining the oil and gas industry within Qatar. This successful merger was estimated to save the country roughly £2 billion Qatari riyals. Now operating solely under the name Qatargas, the company handles over 77 million tonnes of oil and gas annually and predominately sells its products via joint venture arrangements with oil companies around the globe.
Bayanat Engineering and the oil and gas industry
Bayanat Engineering is proud to serve the oil and gas industry in Qatar. We provide innovative and dependable security solutions that help the oil and gas industry operate safely. From installing air traffic management automation systems to help monitor the security of an oil field to providing human body temperature scans to ensure employees on the oil field are healthy, we provide a complete range of oil and gas security solutions.
To learn more about the security solutions Bayanat Engineering can provide in Qatar, do not hesitate to contact us today.

Information communication technologies

Information communication technologies
Bayanat Engineering Qatar is an expert provider of information communication technologies in the aeronautics sector. We have completed a range of projects in many airports, which showcases our expertise in the sector. To learn more about information communication technologies and what Bayanat provides, continue reading.
What are information communication technologies?
Information communication technology, often known as ICT, is used to refer to all communication technologies. This includes wireless networks, the internet, computers, phones, software, social networking, and other media applications. ICT is an essential part of the aerospace industry and is used in airports across the world. Many airlines were early users of ICT, with a history of technological innovation. The internet and wireless networks are used to instantly communicate important information across airports to staff members, ensuring that operations run efficiently.
How does Bayanat Engineering use information communication technologies?
Bayanat Engineering regularly works with ICT to deliver high-quality projects to a range of airports. The team is experienced with structured cabling systems. This system offers a comprehensive telecommunications infrastructure and is a complete system of cabling and other hardware. It is used to provide telephone services and to send data through computer networks. The structured cabling system starts at the point where the service provider ends. This point is the network interface device. Structured cabling systems are essential in airports to ensure they are well connected and communication can be done easily.
We are also experts in data communication hardware. This hardware is used to send digital information between computers and terminals, or between computers and computers. Data communication hardware includes servers and storage.
At Bayanat Engineering, we also install computer network equipment. This equipment is used to split, switch, combine and boost packets of information along with a telecommunication or computer network. It includes routers, switches, hubs, gateways, firewalls, and bridges, which are essential for any ICT system to run efficiently.
Cybersecurity is essential to any airport, and Bayanat Engineering is a specialist in this. Airports handle lots of confidential customer data every day. However, many hackers often attempt to steal this important information, which can be detrimental to the airport. We can install strong cybersecurity systems, protecting any essential data, and keeping it away from prying eyes.
We can also install IP telephony and IP television. IP telephony refers to technologies that use the Internet Protocol’s packet switch connections to exchange fax and voice information. Internet protocol television is a system that uses either public internet, a wide area network, or a private local area network. This can be delivered to an IP enabled TV, PC, or mobile phone. Bayanat engineering also offers cloud-based solutions, information security, and distributed antenna systems for airports across the world.
Bayanat Engineering
Established in 2011, Bayanat Engineering is experts in airport engineering and has completed projects at large international airports such as Hamad and Doha in Qatar. As well as our expertise in information communication technologies, we are also specialists in air traffic management and extra low voltage systems. Our engineering services are used in the aerospace industry, including by military and defense, civil aviation authorities, and air navigation service providers. For more information about our services, get in touch today.

Hamad International Airport

Hamad International Airport, commonly abbreviated to HIA, is the sole international airport in the whole of the state of Qatar. With its headquarters located south of the capital city Doha, HIA has since replaced the state’s previous international airport, which was Doha International Airport.
As it’s the main international airport, HIA has a rich abundance of fun facts attached to its history and present-day operations. We’ve rounded up just a few of our favorites below so you can learn more about this wonderful airport.
The teddy bear centerpiece
Designed by Swiss artist Urs Fischer, one of the most striking features of the HIA duty-free hall is its huge (seven-meter-high!) lamp bear sculpture. This sculpture is made from bronze and weighs a whopping 35,000 pounds – so good luck packing it in your suitcase! The teddy bear was previously exhibited on Park Avenue in New York, before being bought for $6.8m by a member of Qatar’s Royal Family to be displayed at HIA.
Its impressive size
HIA is the 9th biggest airport in the entire world, beating even JFK in terms of its size. The airport sits at an impressive 29 square kilometers, with more than 100 restaurants and shops inside. If that wasn’t enough, HIA also boasts one of the world’s largest and most impressive catering facilities, with a capacity for 90,000 meals a day! All of those meals are needed, considering an estimated 50 million passengers a year will roam the airport’s rooms.
The lampposts
One of the most unique features of HIA is its whopping 1628 lighting poles that ensure the airport is well lit at all times. But that isn’t all – next time you travel down the approach road, take a look at the lampposts that line the road. They all feature laser-cut inscriptions of the Qatari National Anthem on the stainless-steel cladding – as patriotic as it is beautiful!

Extra Low Voltage & Low Current Systems

Extra Low Voltage & Low Current Systems – Qatar and Bayanat Engineering
As a key player in Qatar aviation sector, Bayanat Engineering are well experienced in providing solutions for airports. Our team are also experts in extra low voltage and low current systems. This is a term used in engineering often to describe a range of systems. For more information about extra low voltage and low current systems and how we use them, continue reading.
What are extra low voltage and low current systems?
These terminologies are often used interchangeably, to describe engineering systems. Essentially, they refer to comprising systems that use extra low voltage to function. It is generally used where electrical equipment can present a dangerous hazard, so is therefore commonly used in airports. Any device or circuit that functions between 50V A.C and 120V D.C is considered extra low voltage.
How do extra low voltage systems work?
Power is supplied from the isolating transformers’ secondary windings, which are produced in line with international standards. There is a high impulse withstand level of insulation from the secondary and primary windings. Sometimes a metal earthed screen is used among the windings. To provide adequate fault protection, no live conductor can be connected to earth. All live elements of extra low voltage systems have to be separated by at least the distance that the primary and secondary windings are separated by.
How does Bayanat Engineering use extra low voltage systems?
As airport engineer experts, Bayanat Engineering frequently use extra low voltage systems. We use this system in satellite and master antenna TV systems, which are used to receive and rebroadcast satellite TV channels from a single feed. It is also used in public address and voice alarm systems, to send messages across the airport.
At Bayanat, we use extra low voltage systems in digital signage and video walls. These are frequently seen in airports to show important messages to passengers. We also use it in constructing wayfinding systems. These information systems guide passengers through physical environments, helping them to understand complex spaces.
Extra low voltage systems are also used in fire alarm and fire suppression systems. This provides excellent airport fire safety at all time, alerting staff when there is a problem. The systems can also be used in car park management, including gate barrier and bollard systems. Extra low voltage is used in master clock systems, to help with the smooth running of the airport.
Bayanat Engineering
Bayanat Engineering was officially established in 2011, and since then has completed many projects at Doha International Airport and Hamad International Airport. Alongside our expertise in extra-low voltage, we are also specialists in air traffic management and airside and terminal systems. Our range of solutions are used by civil aviation authorities, airport authorities, air navigation service providers, and military and defense. To learn more about our services, do not hesitate to contact us today, an expert member of our team would be happy to speak to you.

What makes HIA the best airport?


What makes HIA the best airport?
Hamad International Airport (HIA), located in Qatar, is considered to be one of the best airports in the world. So, what makes HIA special and why has it been able to build and maintain such an excellent reputation? We answer this and more below.
HIA was officially opened in April 2014 with a ceremonial flight from Doha International. The first flight was completed by a Qatar Airways aircraft and 10 other airlines began operating in the airport. The opening of HIA was significant as it replaced Doha International at the principal airport in Qatar.
How was it built?
Planning for the airport began in 2003, and the blueprint for a 5,500-acre airport was established. Construction eventually began in 2005, but tweaks to the original design were made throughout the construction project. For example, the original airport had a proposed capacity of 29 million passengers, but by the completion of the project, the airport could handle 50 million passengers per year. Some experts even theorize that the airport could technically handle 93 million passengers per year, making it the 2nd largest airport in the region. The airport was designed and built with a calming oasis theme and utilized many eco-friendly features such as desert plants growing in recycled water. The wave style buildings that make up the airport make HIA one of the most visually interesting airports in the world.
Interesting travel facts about HIA
• Every year, over 360,000 flights take off from HIA
• Every hour, the airport has the capacity to see 100 take-off and landing procedures. This is equal to five planes landing or taking off every 3 minutes.
• The passenger building is 600,00 square meters, making it the largest building in Qatar.
• There are currently 138 check-in counters in the airport, 14 of which are private booths for first-class passengers.
• The world’s largest maintenance hangar can be found in HIA and can handle 13 aircraft at once.
• Over 5000 bags an hour are handled in the HIA baggage system, equal to around 120,000 per day.
• This is the world’s first airport to ever be specifically designed for A380 use.
• HIA is home to Qatar Airways, which is considered one of the leading airlines in the world.
The important role of Bayanat Engineering
Bayanat Engineering worked extensively with HIA to help them develop their air traffic management systems, terminals, and a wide range of elite security solutions. During this collaboration, Bayanat Engineering worked with airport authorities, navigation services, civil authorities, and military defense, extending their services to all areas and departments within the airport. Bayanat Engineering utilized their experience and expertise in navigation, surveillance, weather management, and air traffic management to help create innovative, concrete solutions to everyday airport issues. These solutions have allowed HIA to maintain its exceptionally high reputation.
Contact Bayanat Engineering
If you would like to learn more about our work with HIA, or you are interested to learn more about the airport in general, do not hesitate to contact Bayanat Engineering today. An expert member of our team would be happy to answer any aviation questions you may have and discuss our expert services in more detail.

Meteorology


Bayanat Engineering is more than just a provider of air traffic management systems – we also offer thorough and reliable meteorology solutions spanning a range of systems and tools. But what are some interesting facts and statistics about meteorology? Read on to find out more.
Where did the practice of meteorology come from?
Though it’s hard to pinpoint exactly where the origins of meteorology lie in history, many attribute its beginnings to Aristotle, who wrote about metrology way back in 350BC. Of course, meteorology as a science has come a long way since then!
What can meteorology be used for?
Meteorology is a key component within many sectors. The main sectors that incorporate meteorology into their daily workings include aviation, marine, oil and gas, and military – but they all use meteorological tools in different ways!
For instance, the aviation industry will employ the use of runway visual range (RVR) systems to ensure a clear and safe landing strip for the pilot to land their aircraft. The RVR is calculated using transmissometers, which are a piece of equipment installed along runways to determine the visual range left until the aircraft’s landing point.
Did you know: RVR calculations were initially all done by humans alone, without the assistance of technology. That’s an aircraft we wouldn’t like to be on!
What about oil and gas?
The oil and gas procurement industry is an unpredictable and dangerous one at the best of times. Working anywhere from the middle of the ocean to deep under the ground, sudden changes in weather conditions or harsh weather phenomena can impact the harvesting of oil and gas and endanger workers.
That’s where meteorology comes in – using equipment such as automated weather observing systems (AWOS) and weather decision support systems (WDSS), oil and gas companies can constantly monitor the weather and change their working strategies accordingly.
How is meteorology useful for the military?
At first, you might not think that the military has much use for meteorology. After all, surely their money is better suited to weaponry, defense, and training up their personnel, right? Think Again! Meteorology is used there too! Navy and Marine, as well as the Military Aviation, depend on the meteorology aspects, thus it is important to monitor it at all times!
Bayanat Engineering Qatar is a leading solution provider for Meteorology, we believe in trust and hard work with exceptional delivery of our work!

Surveillance


For the aviation, military and mining industry, there is no room for error. If a security breach or potential problem is missed by a surveillance system, the potential consequences could be catastrophic. Below, we outline some surveillance measures that should take place at airports, marine/oil/gas mining locations and military/aviation bases.
• Surface Movement Guidance & Control Systems (ASMGCS)
This system provides both surveillance and guidance for aircraft vehicles. This is an essential technology to ensure aircraft can fly and plan routes safely as it controls the declared surface movement rate of aircraft under all weather conditions.
• Multi-lateration systems (MLAT/WAM)
To effectively manage the approach of aircraft, WAM technology delivers effective surveillance of surface movement, wide-area surveillance and the terminal area.
• Surface Movement Radars(SMR/GMR)
For an airport, traditional ground movement radars are not enough to ensure a location is secure and can be managed effectively. Surface movement radars ensure aircraft and vehicles on the ground can be detected, even in adverse weather conditions.
• Primary & Secondary Surveillance Radars (PSR/MSSR)
Primary and secondary radars work together to provide elite surveillance. A primary radar system transmits a radar pulse, whilst a secondary system requires an airborne transponder. These systems in unison ensure that even in adverse weather conditions, planes can be seen effectively.
• Automatic Dependent Surveillance Technologies (ADS-B/TIS-B)
ADST determines the position of an aircraft via satellite, helping aircraft to navigate safely and ensuing the entire airport has a periodical understanding of the position of planes. This ensures potential collisions are avoided and runway schedules can be maintained and organized efficiently.
• Runway Debris Monitoring System (RDMS)
Debris and other obstructions can easily fall onto a runway, even in pleasant weather conditions. RDMS eliminates the possibility of accidents or unforeseen delays being caused by debris on a runway.
• Runway/Airside Surveillance (CCTV based)
Often individuals with malicious intent can try to access an airport or aircraft via an unsupervised runway. An effective CCTV system will ensure thorough surveillance is maintained at an airport at all times to ensure the lives of the crew and passengers are kept safe and protected.
• Drone Detection Systems
A threat that has recently immerged for airports is drones. Although the majority of drones are small in size, they can cause serious havoc to an airport or facility with tight security. Drones can not only confuse and disrupt airport sensors; they can allow individuals with malicious intent to gather classified information about the layout of a facility.
Surveillance in Qatar
If you require surveillance at an airport in Qatar, or at another location, you can trust Bayanat Engineering Qatar. We are the best provider of surveillance solutions in Qatar and can help you deploy any of the above technologies. We don’t just offer one-size-fits-all solutions, we carefully analyse your business, premises and location and develop surveillance solutions that will help you to operate as safely and efficiently as possible. For more information about who Bayanat Engineering Qatar is and how we can help you, do not hesitate to get in touch with us today.

Navigation

Navigation is a crucial part of many sectors, whether it be aviation, marine, oil and gas, or military. There are many instruments involved in the navigation process, all of which need to work in harmony together to ensure an optimal path is established.
Here at Bayanat Engineering Qatar, we provide reliable and professional navigation equipment for all of the above sectors and more, with a variety of navigation unit and equipment choices. There are four general categories of navigation – marine navigation, land navigation, aeronautic navigation, and space navigation.
If you’re wondering how different industries benefit from navigation services, and how Qatar especially needs excellent navigation tools, read on.
What were the first navigation tools?
Though we now see navigation as a highly technological practice that requires the use of dedicated systems and equipment, that wasn’t always the case. The early navigational solutions were actually simple primitive charts and interpreting the direction and position of the sun, moon, and stars.
When tools were introduced, they started out as simplistic items such as compasses, calipers, maps, and astrolabes – nothing like the complex equipment used now!
How do navigation systems benefit various industries?
There are many industries that benefit from having accurate navigational instructions. As mentioned previously, some of the main sectors that take full advantage of navigation systems like the ones offered by Bayanat Engineering Qatar include the aviation industry, the oil and gas industry, and the military.
For instance, the aviation industry requires only the most precise and reliable navigation systems available; anything less
What about the military?
Two particular aspects of the military are extra-reliant upon accurate navigational systems. One of these is the air force. If pilots are flying over wide deserts and beautiful vistas, it can often be hard to know exactly where your aircraft is. Town and villages all blur into one, so having accurate navigational systems can be vital to knowing where you need to land or target.
Our solutions include, but not limited to:
• Instrument Landing Systems – ILS (Glidepath
Localizer (center – left/right), Markers (location lengths landing – beep sound))
• Distance Measuring Equipment(DME – Landing and En-route) (more precise continuity distance – short)
• DVOR (Doppler VHF Omni Range)
• TACAN (Tactical Air Navigation)
• Non Directional Beacon (NDB)
• VHF Direction Finder (VDF)
• Satellite based Navigation Systems (GBAS/SBAS) (back up to the ground system in case of failure)
• Visual Guidance Docking System (VDGS) (parking bay- to help park the plane)
Bayanat Engineering Qatar is always ready to deliver best solutions for the industry and deliver the best results possible, we always strive to achieve great results for our customer’s full satisfaction.

Communication

Communication is key to hundreds of individual industries, and it’s easy to see why. Without communicating, people can’t work together and see the sheer benefits of collaboration. If you’ve ever wondered how some of Qatar’s key industries benefit from advances in communications technology such as those on offer using Bayanat Engineering Qatar’s communications solutions, read on.
What does communication do for airports?
Communication is key to the day to day function of any airport. From radio to radar, information being sent from plane to airport and back again guarantees that everything can run smoothly, with planes sent to the right runways at the right times to keep airports running like the well-oiled machines they are. The listening range of any airport is 6-10 miles, meaning that any planes within this reach can easily react to the needs of an airport and let them know if there are likely to be any issues with the landing.
How about the marine sector?
The marine sector is often seen as a far simpler part of trading than airports. After all, ships can only travel in two dimensions, so they seem naturally simpler from the very start. However, the sheer volume of marine traffic could make shipping lanes incredibly hectic if not for the significant communications between ships. For example, the busiest shipping lanes in the world can see millions of ships go through them every year. If these communications were to break down you could see thousands of crashes with many lives lost, so communications technology like that supplied by Bayanat is vital to the continued success of marine shipping.
How do oil and gas use communications?
Although communications themselves are less prominent in the world of oil and gas, technology relating to radio is key. Radar can be used to scan the ground in order to find irregularities such as oil and gas fields, with radio being used afterward to coordinate a response. Whilst communications may not seem to be a vital part of the oil and gas industry, they play a significant role.
Do the military benefit from communication technology?
The military often undergoes highly complex operations, reliant on coordination between not only fellow squad members but different military forces and branches. For example, warships may often have to communicate with a multi-purpose fighter to establish the location of a target. Military jets actually communicate with each other by sending out radio signals of a particular frequency to let their allies know not to shoot them down. Without radio, warfare would potentially descend into friendly fire and chaos. Air-to-air, air-to-ground and ground-to-ground communications are all keys to keeping order.
Surveillance in Qatar
In order to ensure that their countries remain secure, they often need a strong level of both domestic and international surveillance. This surveillance relies almost entirely on communications solutions, with radio being required to pick up relevant audio and transfer it from department to department to ensure safe enforcement of surveillance policies.
For this, trust Bayanat Engineering. We deliver world-class engineering solutions, including communication and surveillance, to a variety of top-end companies in Qatar. Contact us today to get started.