FIFA 2022 preparations

FIFA 2022 and how QATAR is preparing to host the event

The state of Qatar has been awarded the rights to host the FIFA 2022 World Cup and is now preparing a number of different projects before this huge event. Because this event will bring in millions of dollars and many, many tourists, Qatar must do everything in its power to ensure that the country is ready.


Here are some of the ways that Qatar is preparing to host this event:


New stadiums


In order for the World Cup to be successful, FIFA requires a minimum of eight stadiums. Qatar has upped this and has proposed nine new stadiums and the renovation of three that already exist. All of these stadiums have been uniquely designed ( and all fit an average of 47,500 seats each. All of these stadiums are currently under construction, despite plans for many of them to be open in 2018 and 2019. These stadiums will need to be constructed quickly to be ready for the 2022 games.


New hotels


The FIFA games will bring hundreds of thousands of tourists to the country to watch the games. According to Fatma al-Nuaimi, the head of communications for the supreme committee who are organising the games, Qatar hopes to attract around 1.2 million tourists to the event


To meet this demand, Qatar needs to build infrastructure in order to be able to host these tourists. In addition to the hotels already available in the country, the country has planned a range of ‘innovative’ ideas to host visitors. For example, the country is planning on hosting people on cruise ships, hotel apartments and private homes.


Qatar has designed a ‘Host a Fan’ initiative, where Qatari people can volunteer to house tourists. However, there are a number of rules. For example, a host is only allowed to host two guests per room if they are a husband and wife or if they are two friends of the same gender. If the tourists do not meet these requirements, the hosts can only allow one person per room.


In addition to this scheme, the city is also planning to build 16 floating hotels, which will provide 1,6000 rooms for tourists.


Updated airport security


Because so many tourists will be entering the country for the games, airport security must be enhanced to ensure safety. Qatar has prepared a number of steps to improve the security of its airports. They are currently building on top of their existing infrastructure and adding updated passport readers that will provide the security team with fast results to detect forged passports with ease. They also hope to add fingerprint scanners to their systems so that tourists can be admitted into the country using their fingerprints.


The country is also planning on increasing surveillance in the airports so that issues and suspicious persons can be detected fast.


Final thoughts


Qatar has just over a year to ensure that its infrastructure is ready for the FIFA World Cup, and its focus must be on security and accessibility so that the games can be enjoyed by all without risks.

Military Communication

Military Communication

Where the world of aeronautics may now seem perfectly suited to the average member of the public, for the majority of the history of the plane technology was developed for military purposes. RADAR came from World War Two, VDF is designed to locate military planes, and even cyber security infrastructure on the ground is primarily a military invention. Read on to learn how military communication technology is still impacting civilian aeronautics today, and some of the fundamental inventions that shaped modern aircraft.


IFF and Transponders


One of the most rudimental communication techniques invented in the Cold War was IFF. IFF, shorthand for “Identification, Friend or Foe?” stems from Cold War jets needing to identify whether a plane was a friendly or enemy aircraft whilst it was still outside the visual range of a pilot. This involved using a transponder that emits at a certain frequency, and if the same frequency is matched with that of the unidentified plane they are friendly. On the other hand, a transponder coming back with unrecognised signal results can be identified as an enemy aircraft and dealt with appropriately. This technology has been updated over time, with transponders now being used by airports to locate and identify aircraft that are incoming. Communicating in this way is extremely rudimentary but means the difference between life and death.


UHF/VHF Radio Communications


Ultra-high/very-high frequency radio communications were originally a military development designed to transmit messages over long distances. This was initially designed to convey messages over great distances to aircraft in order to get them to remain in formation and coordinate attacking runs on a range of targets. Over time this technology has changed and adapted to be used by airports such as Hamad International Airport in Qatar, as jets remain in contact with the ground in order to establish landing times, runways and patterns. Although certain radio channels remain dedicated to military purposes, commercial airlines have embraced UHF/VHF technology widely. This makes the technology a clear example of the pipeline of the military to civilian technology.


Air-to-ground and ground-to-ground communications


Throughout the early years of aerial warfare, air-to-ground communication was a fundamental aspect of remaining coordinated and professional in the air. Air-to-ground technology is far more complex than the inverse, as ensuring that your aircraft is both within range of a base station and at the right frequency is incredibly difficult in combat situations. Over time the technology changed, from ground-to-ground technology being required to convey messages between stations to military satellites being used to convey data and messages. As the use of satellites expanded, their use in communication networks is increasingly commonplace in the airline industry. What used to be a necessity for military aircraft is now a luxury for civilian planes, further evidence that military communication is impacting long term aeronautical advances.


Contact Bayanat Engineering


If you’re interested in learning more about military communications technology, its modern uses and its installation in civilian facilities, get in touch with Bayanat Engineering. Our expert team are proud to develop high-end systems for a range of clients and always look to provide a quality service that you can rely on.

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)

Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is growing in popularity in a wide variety of industries worldwide, and aerospace is no exception. In this publication, we’ll be taking a look at everything you need to know about VoIP for aviation.


What is VoIP?


VoIP stands for ‘Voice over Internet Protocol’, which is a system that allows users to make telephone calls via the internet rather than via a conventional phone line system. VoIP users can call virtually anyone who has an international, mobile, long-distance, or local telephone number or other users in the same service.


Calls to VoIP cordless or corded phones are carried out in data format via the internet to either the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) for delivery to a mobile subscriber or conventional telephone or users within the same network. For calls to be delivered to users via the PSTN, the VoIP caller must opt for a Select Providers gateway that will convert the VoIP data packets back to standard call format for delivery to the Public Switched Telephone Network. Most broadband providers offering aircraft VoIP services will either have arrangements in place with a Service Provider that offers these gateway services or they will provide users with PSTN access at a ground-side server.


How does VoIP work on aircraft?


For aircraft VoIP systems to function properly, the CTU (or onboard server) must be able to convert between traditional telephone formats and VoIP formats to allow connections via various aircraft systems that don’t require a broadband connection, such as Inmarsat Aero CEPT-E1 or Iridium channels.


Unfortunately, one of VoIP’s main advantages, its free service, is not offered by many airlines. VoIP also requires significant bandwidth from an air-to-ground system (such as a satellite) to establish a stable connection, which can be expensive and impractical.


Another potential issue for airlines is the suitability of user devices. While passengers are expected to use their voice-capable devices and private PDAs, there is a chance that their devices will not support the codec algorithm that the server requires. The devices available on the market that are suitable (wireless devices operating at 802.11 B/G or desktop devices in need of an Ethernet connection) are usually not aircraft approved and do not have echo cancellation or interactive noise reduction.


How do airlines use VoIP?


Airline call centers


The airline industry has utilized VoIP technology to power virtual call centers. Unlike traditional call centers, VoIP call centers do not require a physical operating center for staff to work in, and there are fewer hard equipment costs.


Onboard calls


VoIP also allows passengers to send messages and make telephone calls while in the air. While it’s still illegal to take your phone off airplane mode while you’re on board, it is possible to make voice calls over the internet using onboard WiFi. Some airlines are now providing passengers that want to use their phones during flights with separate seating accommodation to avoid disturbing other passengers.


For more aeronautics and aerospace information and news, take a look at our publications at Bayanat Engineering today.

aeronautical and nautical systems

When considering the world of nautical shipping, it’s unlikely that the first thing that comes to mind is the technology used in airports and marine. However, there are plenty of pieces of technology that can be applied to both airports and docks. Read on to find out about some of the vital systems that keep both planes and ships safe, and why they are such easily transferrable systems.


Visual Guidance Docking System


One of the key features used in both landing planes and ensuring that ships and boats of all sizes are able to safely reach their destinations are Visual Guidance Docking Systems or VDGS. A VDGS is a system designed to give pilots and drivers as much information as possible when coming in on their final approach and is often employed on a taxiway to ensure precision parking is far more easily achieved. Using mirrors, simple traffic lights and lightboxes to line pilots up onto their marks, pilots can find it much easier than having to use sight alone.


This is very easily translated to ships, as the concepts are essentially the same. Navigating on a 2D plane when guided by lights is a concept that can work on land or sea, so VDGS is a highly translatable system that can be used to safely bring ships in to harbour with very few changes. From this point, an intercom can be used to guide the driver to any adjustment or confirm the success of their arrival.




Ports and docks can be just as busy as airports, especially in the world of shipping. This means that, just like with aircraft, the dock headquarters needs to be in constant contact with the captains of incoming ships to organise their arrivals. The alternative is dozens of ships arriving simultaneously, leading to an extremely dangerous situation.


VHF transmitters can often be ideal for these cases, as they can transmit over distances of around 60 miles. This will give drivers of any incoming boats plenty of advanced warning in the case of an issue or delay to their docking procedure. Such advanced warnings can keep everything running smoothly, and protect both ships and docks from major incidents.


Sea Traffic Management


Managing traffic at sea can be incredibly similar to doing so on land, with ships entering the area surrounding docks on a 2D plane. Part of the issue, however, can be tracking the ships. It may be easy to keep an eye on aircraft using radar systems, but ships are harder to keep on radar due to their lack of altitude.


Instead, many ships will make use of satellite-based navigation systems. These are effective worldwide, as the global network of satellites allows for extremely accurate tracking of ships. This tracking means traffic controllers can guide ships to spaces and allow for docking on a controlled schedule.


Bayanat Engineering


Bayanat Engineering is a proud provider of airport systems in Qatar and beyond. If you’re in need of navigational or communications systems for your airport or harbour, get in touch with the Bayanat Engineering team today to find out more.

The importance of precision engineering in aviation

The importance of precision engineering in aviation

The world of aviation has been catapulted into a safer, more streamlined industry as a result of precision engineering. Thanks to the innovations of precision engineering, things such as quality control and incredibly high standards can be met with ease in the aviation industry.


We are going to take a look at the importance of precision engineering in aviation, as well as how it benefits this innovative sector.


The importance of precision engineering in aviation


The aviation industry relies on aircraft to stay in the sky safely. Precision engineering is responsible for a great deal of this, as it allows manufacturers within the aviation industry to meet the strict quality controls and accurate specifications required for aviation components. It is also an essential part of ensuring that products are designed with exceptionally high quality and consistency.


Aircraft need to be manufactured quickly and safely in order for the aviation industry to flourish, which is why outsourcing work to precision engineering companies has become incredibly common. The ability to faithfully reproduce tiny components with CNC machines and designs is just a part of why precision engineering is so important to aviation.


What does precision engineering accomplish for the aviation sector?


Developing, designing and implementing components for aircraft requires careful planning and thought to ensure utmost safety during flights at all times. This means precision engineering can be found all over aircraft, including:


– Seatbelts

– Metalwork

– In-flight instruments

– Visual overlays

– Audio and visual equipment

– Doors and windows

– Exterior shell of aircraft


The reality is that precision engineering is everywhere on an aircraft because ensuring impeccable standards is a must. Due to the small nature of many of the components such as in-flight measurement devices, aircraft manufacturers depend on large batches of components that are built with precision in mind.


Precision engineering offers accountability


In the unlikely event that something were to go wrong mid-flight, it is vital that the aviation industry can trace the issue back to a single instrument, component or device. This allows for an iterative process that uses quality control and accountability to pinpoint what went wrong and to correct any design flaws.


Due to the high risk of a serious problem developing if something goes wrong mid-flight, the aviation industry is incredibly diligent in terms of tackling issues with designs. If a component is even a millimetre too short or not fitted correctly, that could spell the end of a business contract.


Precision engineering drives innovation in the aviation industry


By its very design, precision engineering creates innovative concepts and designs that improve aviation. By performing a range of iterative processes, precision engineers push the aviation industry further into advancement by refining components, creating new designs and implementing them safely.


Without precision engineers in the aviation industry, progress would grind to a halt and the entire sector would struggle to see any meaningful changes or innovations.


Precision engineering empowers the aviation industry to reach the lofty heights that it does. This is achieved through direct innovation, ensuring quality and consistency in precisely designed components and accountability should anything go wrong.

International Air Transport Association (IATA)

Employees in the aviation industry are likely to have heard of the International Air Transport Association (IATA). This influential trade association supports many areas within aviation and is instrumental in formulating industry policy. Because of the IATA’s widespread influence, it’s beneficial to know what it is and how it helps to shape the aviation industry.


What is the IATA?


The IATA is a global trade association for airlines throughout the world, currently counting 292 airlines, or 80% of all airline traffic, amongst its membership. Founded in Cuba in 1945, it is now headquartered in Montreal, with executive offices in Switzerland. Current members of the IATA include Turkish Airlines, WestJet, and Qantas.


The association’s overall mission is to represent, lead, and serve the aviation industry. The IATA’s Board of Governors set priorities for the industry each year, with the current key priorities being safety, financial resilience, environmental sustainability, and industry restart following the Coronavirus pandemic.


How does the IATA support the aviation industry?


The IATA sets industry-wide regulations and policies for airlines, with the aim of improving standards and simplifying processes for passengers, as well as continually improving safety and efficiency. The policy that the IATA develops covers a wide range of areas within aviation. These include consumer and passenger issues such as human trafficking, handling unruly passengers, and passenger security. Other policy areas that the IATA covers include environmental policy and sustainability, and the future development of the industry.


By shaping policy and the industry’s future, the IATA implements change and supports its members to successfully introduce changes to policies and processes. An example is implementing the electronic airline ticket, in response to requests from its membership. As well as giving travellers the benefit of increased convenience, this has improved the industry’s sustainability by reducing the use of paper tickets.


The IATA’s current priorities


The IATA’s priorities for 2021 cover four main areas. A key performance target for this year for airline safety is to reduce the 5-year all accident rate from 2017-2021 compared to between 2016-2020. In the area of financial resilience, the IATA is aiming to secure $75-95 billion in government relief measures for airlines. This is closely linked to its goals for industry restart following the Coronavirus pandemic. In this area, the association plans to work with governments to build plans for reopening borders and allowing quarantine-free travel.


The final 2021 priority for the IATA is to support the industry’s environmental sustainability by offsetting 2.2 million tons of carbon dioxide through the IATA Aviation Carbon Exchange.


The future of aviation


As well as having priorities for the current year, the IATA also looks ahead. The association has a fundamental influence on the future of the airline industry. A key policy for the industry’s future is to increase female representation. The IATA’s campaigns aim to increase the proportion of women in senior roles and roles where women are typically under-represented by 25%, or up to a minimum of 25%, by 2025. This voluntary campaign is aimed at aircraft manufacturers and airports, as well as airlines themselves. Making these changes by 2025 represents a step towards the industry achieving gender balance.

Innovations in sustainability for airports, marine, oil and gas

Innovations in sustainability for airports, marine, oil and gas

The aeronautics and marine industries have long been early adopters of new innovations and technologies. Now that sustainability is becoming an increasingly important subject globally, these industries are embracing new innovations in sustainability. With organisations like the International Maritime Organisation making commitments to reduce emissions and greenhouse gasses, new innovations in sustainability are vital. The aeronautics and maritime industries are not the only ones – oil and gas companies are also looking towards these innovations. This blog outlines innovations in sustainability for airports, marine, oil and gas.


  • Airports


Airports consume a vast amount of energy, and reducing this is a key way to become more sustainable. Innovations like LED lighting can drastically reduce the amount of energy an airport needs. Some airports are also looking at alternative ways of generating energy. Dublin Airport is one example, having installed 268 solar panels on the airport’s reservoir system in partnership with Ireland’s largest energy supplier. These panels are capable of generating more than half of the airport’s energy requirements each year. Other airports are also deploying this approach, including Orlando International Airport.


Cutting pollution and emissions is another way that airports can increase their sustainability. Innovations like advanced aircraft technology and low-carbon sustainable fuel help airports to make a more immediate contribution to limiting the aeronautics industry’s emissions. Vancouver International Airport has an initiative to reduce its carbon emissions to net-zero by 2030 by taking advantage of the availability of low-carbon aircraft fuel.


  • The marine industry


Shipping alone accounts for around 2-3% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, so the marine industry is also taking steps to increase its sustainability. One innovative option is decarbonising the industry’s fuel. With most commercial vessels relying on low-cost heavy oil for fuel, adapting to zero-carbon fuels can make a great impact on the health of our oceans. Making the supply chains for zero-carbon fuels more sustainable and demonstrating the viability of these fuels industry-wide can help to achieve the International Maritime Organisation’s mandate to reduce the sulphur levels in ship fuels to 0.5%.


Wind power is another innovation that’s driving the marine industry towards greater sustainability. Research is being conducted to inform the development of innovative technologies that will allow for hybrid vessels. Such solutions could include the use of kite sails above ships, more traditionally designed sails using lighter and more efficient fabrics, as well as Flettner rotors, spinning cylinders mounted onto a ship to provide force.


  • The oil and gas industries


Whilst renewable energy is becoming more widely used, it’s likely that oil and gas will continue to be part of the energy we typically use in the future. This means it’s essential for oil and gas companies to develop more sustainable practices and adopt sustainability innovations. Many companies are seeking to innovate themselves, continuing to work with oil and gas whilst simultaneously exploring ways to transition to low-carbon fuels.


Another way that oil and gas companies can work towards sustainability is by switching to more environmentally-friendly transport and delivery methods. The industry is increasingly turning towards low-mileage and low-emission solutions that help to reduce its overall carbon footprint, as well as operating in an energy-efficient way.

Airport, port, rail, and military terminology.

If you’re involved in aeronautics or have even simply visited a large airport, you’re likely to have heard particular terminology that might be difficult to understand at times. Knowing what these terms mean can give you greater confidence when you travel or when you’re working with transport systems. In this publication, we present a guide to airport, port, rail, and military terminology.


Airport terminology


There are a lot of technical terms in use in airports that can be unclear for some people. Below is a list of common terminology you might see or hear in connection with airports.


  • Air traffic management – this refers to all of the systems in place to manage air traffic to and from an airport, including planes taking off and landing. It includes systems like air traffic control and airspace management and is vital for ensuring aviation safety.


  • Remote control tower – this is a concept where air traffic control is performed remotely rather than at an airport’s local control tower.


  • Electronic flight strip – this is an efficient way of providing air traffic controllers with all of the vital information they need about a particular aircraft. This includes where the aircraft is travelling to.


Port terminology


Ports are similar to airports but concern boats and ships as opposed to aircraft. Again, specific terminology is used in these environments that can sometimes be unclear if you’re not familiar with a port’s setting and operations.


  • Backhaul – this refers to moving cargo back over part of a route that it has already travelled. This is usually the opposite direction to the cargo’s final destination.


  • Controlled atmosphere – this refers to a sophisticated computer-controlled system that manages the gases within a container during a shipment. It’s vitally important to prevent the decay of the items inside the container.


  • Plimsoll mark – also known as load lines, these are specific markings on the hull of a vessel that marks the level that must remain above water to ensure that the ship is stable.


Rail terminology


Railways and rail networks also use a variety of technical terminology. Below are some common terms used within the rail industry.


  • Overhead line equipment – this term is often abbreviated to OLE. It refers to the wires and support structures that deliver a traction supply current to traction units.


  • AC systems – a line with overhead line equipment that supplies an alternating current to electric trains.


  • Failed to calls – this term refers to incidents when a train has failed to make a scheduled stop at a train station. Failed to calls can happen for a variety of different reasons.


Military terminology


A lot of specific terminologies are used within a military context. Sometimes using technical terminology in this context is important for security purposes.


  • Airship – a type of aircraft that is lighter than air and navigates through the air under its own power. Since the 1960s most airships use helium to lift themselves but some use hot air.


  • Electronic intelligence – also known as signals intelligence, this is an approach that uses electronic sensors to gather intelligence, focusing on non-communications signals.

Climate change

Climate change is the biggest challenge facing humanity and efforts to tackle it have been stepping up around the world, with innovative technological solutions and more investment than ever before. From algae farms to artificial trees and solar radiation management, we take a look at new ways technology can be used to prevent climate change.


What is climate change?


Climate change is a term used to describe the changing weather patterns and climate conditions around the world. This is a natural process, however, due to human interactions with the environment such as deforestation and increased carbon dioxide emissions, the climate is experiencing rapid, large changes which are having negative impacts around the world.


Carbon Capture technology


Global warming is a real problem, and one of the biggest causes is the huge amount of carbon dioxide we are releasing and the reduction of natural carbon capture solutions like trees. In order to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, innovative companies have been designing carbon capture and storage technologies to mimic this process. The carbon dioxide which would be released into the atmosphere is instead captured from a large point source (like a power plant or steelworks) and then transported and stored deep underground in a geological formation.




Some scientists have argued that drastic times call for drastic measures, and geoengineering is one of the more controversial climate change prevention technologies that has been proposed. Geoengineering involves large scale interventions in the earth’s natural systems to combat climate change. This could include releasing volcanic ash as a coolant, using mirrors in space to redirect the sun’s rays or cloud seeding.


More sustainable transport


Another way that we can reduce our carbon dioxide emissions is by switching to more sustainable and eco-friendly transport measures. This could include hybrid electric buses, electric cars and using biofuel made from waste. Electric cars have seen a huge rise in popularity as technology continues to offer cleaner, greener methods of transport and research into more effective sustainable transport is ongoing.


Clean energy


Most of the power generated around the world comes from fossil fuels, and this continues to increase temperatures and speed up climate change. With global temperatures on the rise, the emission of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide needs to be drastically reduced over the coming years and switching to greener energy is going to be crucial. Clean energy sources like wind, solar and geothermal power can offer a sustainable and climate-friendly solution. From solar-powered road signs to offshore wind farms and huge solar farms, clean energy technology continues to improve.


Greener food


Providing enough food for the world, without damaging the environment has been a problem for decades. Recent innovations are tackling the huge impact of the meat industry with alternative, greener options such as algae farms, locally grown produce and artificial meat. This is having a positive impact as more and more people are choosing these eco-friendly food options, especially in large organisations like universities, airports and hospitals.


Get in touch


At Bayanat Engineering, we understand the huge impact climate change is having on our world and we are passionate about helping our clients utilise new technologies in order to reduce their environmental impact. Call us today to discuss how we can transform your business into a climate-friendly, sustainable and low-emission company that’s prepared for a better future.

Security measures for 2022 World Cup

Qatar improves on previous host security measures for 2022 World Cup

Qatar looks primed and ready to host the upcoming FIFA World Cup in 2022 and will become the first Middle Eastern country to host the world’s biggest sporting tournament. The World Cup always draws in big crowds, which makes the subject of security particularly relevant. The Middle East has previously been chastised for its poor uptake of technology and security, but Qatar is hoping to change that with the upcoming World Cup. With a society that is keen to adopt technological innovation, Qatar looks ready to transition into a more digitally inclined age – which is great news for security during the Qatar 2022 World Cup.


This article is going to look at the security measures and technologies that Qatar will be implementing for the upcoming FIFA world cup, and compare it to previous hosts.




As the world’s largest sporting event, it is no surprise that host countries fall foul of various cyberattacks. With the huge sums of money and traffic that go in and out of Qatar during the World Cup, they will need to be prepared to defend against all types of cybercrime.


Russia was the last World Cup host and they claim to have dealt with over 25 million different cyberattacks during the tournament. Whether it is malware, phishing, or other online scams, cybercrime became an ever-present threat during the Russian World Cup in 2018.


Qatar looks to learn from Russia’s previous mistakes by implementing numerous countermeasures to defend against cybercrime during the 2022 World Cup. The biggest announcement for Qatar was Project Stadia, an initiative designed to help Interpol member countries effectively collaborate and execute security preparations during major sports events.


The project covers key areas such as physical security and cyber security and brings global experts together to discuss methods of security. Project Stadia is designed to work across borders and help other countries, such as the UK, to co-operate with cybersecurity efforts.


On-site security


During the World Cup in Russia, the Government installed a number of policies to crack down on antisocial and disorderly behavior. From enforcing a heavy police presence across the major football fan locations to restricting the sale and consumption of alcohol, it was clear that Russia intended to take an aggressive approach to on-site security.


Qatar intends to use a more subtle approach to security during their World Cup in 2022, using technology to assess threats before they become a problem. From facial recognition scanners to CCTV surveillance, Qatar officials are looking to keep an eye on events from afar rather than through an aggressive presence.


The Tala2 Project is the pinnacle of Qatar’s security and surveillance efforts for the World Cup. Tala2 creates an all-in-one surveillance platform for all of the CCTV cameras in the region. Moreover, it includes functions such as night-vision and solar panels to make for a more efficient surveillance system.


The upcoming World Cup in 2022 promises to be a safe, secure, and memorable experience for fans and Qatari’s alike. It is clear that the Government has taken positive steps to ensure the safety and security of everyone attending the tournament by using technology to improve on the efforts of previous host countries.