Bayanat Engineering Qatar: Providing HIA with the best services time and again


The famous Wright brothers completed a successful flight in 1903, in North Carolina, which is widely agreed to be the beginning of aviation. Despite their successful flight, for many years the general public shunned air travel, as it appeared to be too dangerous. It was only after World War 1, and the funding that the aviation industry received, did air travel begin to look like a safe and reliable means of transport. Not long after the end of World War 1, Charles Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic in a solo flight which drew a lot of media attention, bringing interest in flying into the mainstream.

To capitalise on the interest in aviation created by Lindbergh, multiple air transport holding industries were founded, including Aviation Corporation, which would later be re-branded as American Airways. In 1928, United Aircraft and Transport Corporation, later renamed as United Airlines, was founded by Boeing, and air travel began its steady journey to becoming commercialised.
Before aeroplanes began carrying passengers commercially, they began carrying mail and cargo. The American Kelly Airmail Act of 1925 allowed aeroplanes to work as mail carriers, giving many airlines the opportunity to build revenue until they could expand and develop their airline to be suitable to carry passengers.
World War 2 saw commercial fleets of planes become necessary to transport soldiers and supplies around the world. Aviation companies received significant investment from European countries which allowed them to fully extend and develop their commercial aviation services. Post-WW2, in the 1950s, the aviation industry dramatically improved the regularity and comfort of commercial flights and jet-engine technology allowed flights to operate faster and more regularly.

The history of Qatar Airways
Qatar Airways, which is considered to be the best airline in the world, was founded in 1994 and began as a small regional airline that travelled only a few, select routes. In 1997, the airline was rebranded by His Highness the Father Amir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, who wanted to turn the small airline into the world’s leading international airline. From 1997 onwards, Qatar Airways has aimed to offer the highest standards of service and comfort possible on a commercial airline and is continuously striving to offer its passengers a unique, excellent flying experience.
The airline averages a double-digit growth year after year, largely due to the leadership of the Group Chief Executive, His Excellency Akbar Al Baker, and the companies the Group Chief Executive has chosen to partner with.

Qatar Airways and Bayanat
Engineering Qatar
The international hub of Qatar Airways is HIA (Hamad International Airport) who have chosen time and time again to work with Bayanat Engineering Qatar. For example, in July 2020 HIA partnered with Bayanat Engineering to deploy a RunWize™ FOD Detection Solution and in October 2020 chose to work with them again to upgrade their communication systems. It is only through the support of HIA that Qatar Airways can continue to provide their exceptionally high levels of service.

Your ultimate guide to airfield ground lighting

Your ultimate guide to airfield ground lighting

Airplane passengers will have noticed the vast amount of lights when taking off or landing. If you aren’t in the field of aviation, you may wonder what all of these lights are for.

One fascinating fact is that the color and configuration of airfield lighting is universal. Whether you’re at JFK in New York, London Heathrow, or Dubai International Airport, the lights will be the same. This has a profound impact on safety – pilots know what to expect and how to read the lights, regardless of where they are in the world. So what are all these lights and what do they do?

Runway lighting

The runway is the path an airplane follows for take-off or landing. Next time you’re waiting for take-off and it’s dark, you might spot lines of white lights that transition to a warm yellow color. These are runway edge lights. This lighting marks the runway’s edge and guides pilots during approach and landing. They are usually used when it’s dark or visibility is poor. The color change marks the departure end of the runway. Runway edge lights are usually spaced around 60 meters apart.

You might also notice red and green lights at either end of the runway. These lights are known as runway end lights and are frequently elevated for maximum visibility. The approach end is marked by green lights, whereas the red lights are located at the departure end, and are a signal to pilots that this is the end of the runway.

The third type of runway lighting is runway guard lights, yellow lights that may be elevated and flashing, or maybe a row of embedded lights. They mark every intersection between the runway and taxiway – essential for guaranteeing safety with multiple aircraft moving on the ground.

Taxiway lighting

Taxiways allow airplanes to move from the landing point to hangars or terminal buildings. The vibrant blue lights you’ll see are taxiway edge lights. Similar to runway edge lights, they mark the edge of the taxiway. They are typically spaced between 15 and 60 meters apart.

For airfields with low visibility, these lights are frequently accompanied by green or blue centreline lighting. If visibility is good but flights operate at night, these two types of lighting may also be combined.

Stop bar lights

When you notice a row of steadily burning red lights, embedded into the pavement across the entire airfield, you’ve caught sight of the stop bar lights. Elevated red lights can also be used for low visibility conditions. These lights are controlled and indicate that the aircraft should wait. Once air traffic control gives clearance, the stop bar lights are turned off and the taxiway centreline’s lead on lights turn on instead. This indicates to the pilot that they may depart.

Essential safety tools

It’s clear that airfield lighting is vital for aircraft to take off, land, and taxi safely. As airports become modernized and more aircraft pass through, specialized airfield ground lighting becomes more important as an essential safety tool. Next time you’re about to take a flight, you can be confident that the lights you see are keeping you and your fellow passengers safe.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar: Providing modern, advanced solutions for airports

In order to understand the airports and its development – it is important to know its history, how it was created and came into the concept.

First airport and first airport in Qatar

When you think of the word, ‘airport’, you will most likely associate the term with the sleek, modern airports we have grown accustomed to today, such as Hamad International Airport in Qatar. Airports have, of course, not always been this way and have advanced significantly in the last 100 years. In this article we reflect on the world’s first airport, as well as the first airport in Qatar, and how companies such as Bayanat Engineering helped them become the modern transport facilities we know them to be today.

The world’s first airport

In 1919, over a 100 years ago, Hounslow Heath Aerodrome opened. Many people mistakenly believe the Wright Brothers developed the first airport, whereas, in reality, they developed the world’s first continually operating airfield. For an airfield to be classified as an airport, it needs to have an aerodrome, storage for aircraft and a control tower, making Hounslow Heath Aerodrome the world’s first official airport.
The world’s first scheduled international commercial air services flew to and from Hounslow before it shut its doors in 1920 after essentially being replaced by Croydon Airport. Just three years after Hounslow was founded, the world’s first permanent airport for commercial aviation services opened in East Prussia.

The first airport in Qatar

Dukhan airport was the first airport in Qatar and was completed in the late 1930s. While the airport was initially a commercial success, it was eventually overshadowed by Doha International Airport, which was built in 1959 and subsequently made Dukhan obsolete. Some buildings within the airport were preserved but the majority of the airport grounds were left to ruin.

The importance of development

If the founders of Dukhan airport and Hounslow Heath Aerodrome were able to walk around modern airports in Qatar today, the technology surrounding them would appear as if it came from science-fiction. In the past 100 years, technological advancements have been made at an astounding pace, meaning airports have been able to advance and develop at an unprecedented rate. Advancements in technology have brought many benefits to airports, such as allowing flights to take off more regularly and travel further distances.

How are modern airports built to address modern security risks?

Modern airports in Qatar, such as Hamad International Airport, are built to not only provide excellent commercial services but also to ensure the safety and security of all individuals who enter and exit the airport. For example, a modern airport must be complete with surveillance technology, structured cabling systems to allow for reliable communications, specialized lighting to ensure pilots have complete visibility and advanced navigation systems, to name but a few features.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar is proud to be working with Hamad International Airport in Qatar and other airports in Qatar to help them implement and utilize advanced communication, surveillance, air traffic management, navigation and terminal operation professional services. We respect the history of the world’s and Qatar’s first airports while we are dedicated to provide modern solutions for airports in operation today.

3 ways aerospace businesses can improve operational efficiency


Like many industries, the aerospace industry is currently facing a series of unprecedented challenges. If businesses want to survive the pandemic, it is imperative that they work to improve their operational efficiency.


Respond to the latest industry changes


Aerospace industries are facing significant challenges in the face of the covid-19 pandemic. An unstable economic climate and the imposition of varying restrictions around the world are making it more important than ever that businesses leverage every piece of technology available to them to help them manage. Responding quickly and decisively to the ever-changing circumstances that face the industry today is essential for any business that wants to survive.


Customer numbers might be down, but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t be striving to provide the best service possible. In fact, given the concerns travellers have about the covid-19 pandemic, good customer service will count for a lot. There is a range of new technology available to aerospace businesses and airports that enable them to provide a safe travel experience regardless of the pandemic.


Implement systems for holistic quality management


Some of the most decisive factors in determining the quality of service and operational efficiency that aerospace businesses can achieve are the maintenance of parts, rates of materials failure, and supply chains. The products and equipment that aerospace businesses rely on have a unique life cycle and need to be managed properly if they are to survive.


Every aerospace business should have a robust policy in place for ensuring they stay on top of their maintenance and servicing. This doesn’t just apply to the planes and other vehicles. IT systems, digital infrastructure, and software systems all need to be properly maintained as well.


Rethink your technology acquisition process


It is hard to overstate how much of a difference having the right technology on your side can make to any aerospace business’s operational efficiency. Every competent aerospace manager knows that technology is important, but acquiring the right technology is about more than just making sure you have the required funds available. To maximise the efficiency of your operations, you need to have a streamlined process in place to take you from identifying areas where your business can benefit from technology to acquiring and installing the best available technology to suit your needs.


In this regard, you need to strike a balance between remaining agile and ensuring that your decision-making processes are robust. By simplifying your decision-making procedures and reducing them to just the most essential considerations, you can make decisions quickly and accurately. Reducing internal bureaucracy will mean that decisions are made quickly and decisively, and you don’t waste time navigating arbitrary hurdles.


It has never been more important for aerospace businesses to focus on maximising their operational efficiency. In the current climate, the industry cannot afford to be complacent. Travellers are wary of going to an airport and getting on a plane, and governments around the world are constantly opening and closing their borders. In times like these, any wasted time and money will have a disproportionate effect on aerospace businesses. The only businesses that stand a chance of surviving the pandemic are those that streamline their operations and respond quickly to changing circumstances.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar continues to provide innovative security solutions to HIA

In order to accommodate millions of football fans who will be travelling to Qatar in 2022 to enjoy the biggest football event in the world, Qatar has announced an ambitious project to expand the Hamad International Airport (HIA).

The expansion will ensure HIA can accommodate the expected 60 million passengers that will be flying to Qatar during the World Cup. The expansion will ensure guests flying to Qatar will be able to enjoy the amazing facilities available at HIA without being overcrowded. 11,720 square feet of retail, food and beverage space will be added to the airport, ensuring guests can experience culinary delights from around the world and a luxury shopping experience.

HIA is an airport renowned for its appearance and features many beautiful wave-style buildings. The expansion will see a continuation of HIA’s existing water and wave theme by including an impressive 10,000 square-meter indoor tropical garden, complete with a 268 square-meter water feature.

During the current state of affairs, it is important to continue the development of the sectors, especially before 2022 FIFA World Cup preparation for Qatar. There are undergoing developments in the Hamad International—such as increasing safety and expansion. Bayanat Engineering Qatar, trusted solution provider for Qatar Civil Aviation Authority, is currently implementing safety with current ongoing projects.

Hassan Ezzedine (pictured), General Manager of Bayanat Engineering Qatar, is always striving for success and having great vision for his company. Bayanat Engineering Qatar is the leading solutions provider for aviation and engineering government sectors including Traffic Management, Military Defence, Airside and Terminal Systems with the deployment of a wide range of Communication, Navigation, Surveillance, Meteorological, Passenger and Operation Management, Lighting, Security and Information Technologies.

Hassan Ezzedine said: “Preparation for 2022 FIFA World Cup is vital for Qatar – one of the aspects for Hamad International Airport is to be prepared for increased capacity of its passengers, while keeping the high standard of comfort and safety.”

“Bayanat Engineering Qatar always delivers best solutions for the Qatar’s aviation sector, in order to ensure the most efficient and the safest way for passengers to travel. We believe in trust and our track record is the indicator of that. Strong leadership, support of our shareholders, experienced team and our partners – makes Bayanat Engineering Qatar one of the strongest players in the market. Our goal is to achieve the best and more throughout our projects.”

In order to ensure passengers, feel comfortable flying and to ensure passenger safety, HIA has introduced multiple virus mitigation systems to ensure the airport is safe and secure for 2022. The airport has introduced thermal screening for all passengers and staff. Their Smart Screening Helmet is a portable device that can take the temperature of an individual via a contact-less measurement. The helmet operates with infrared thermal imaging, AI and augmented reality, to take the temperature of a passenger efficiently.

In addition to that, HIA has installed the Human Body Temperature Scanners by Bayanat Engineering Qatar that are accurate, efficient and precise. HIA has also currently employed a team of disinfectant robots, which have been deployed in busy areas of the airport to keep it safe and disinfected.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar is continuing to work for HIA and provide their innovative security solutions to HIA. This ensures passengers flying to Qatar for the 2022 World Cup can have complete confidence in their safety. Bayanat Engineering Qatar is glad to be the part of the expansion, that will accommodate fans from all over the world during FIFA event.


Navigation as the crucial part in the transportation industry and in the airports

Navigation is one of the most vital aspects of not only airports but the entire transport industry as a whole. There is a huge range of technologies used in not only the flight of aircraft but finding their way to a safe landing too. Here are just a few of the technologies, and what they’re used for.


First amongst these technologies is the Instrument Landing Systems, also known as ILS. These include Glidepath, a localiser and markers, all of which make the process of landing an aircraft much easier than it would be otherwise. All of these highly complex technologies work in tandem to ensure that pilots are able to keep their passengers safe and secure. Here at Bayanat Engineering, these systems are designed and built to be as safe as can be, providing a happy landing every time. Non Directional Beacons (NDB) also help in this regard, letting pilots know when they’re approaching the airport.


Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) works at both short and long ranges. In the same way as ILS, landings can be assisted by distances being measured accurately so a pilot isn’t encouraged to make a landing either too early or too late. Additionally, on long-range flights, DME can be extremely useful to establish how long might be left in your flight. Along with satellite-based navigation systems such as GBAS and SBAS, your flight is tracked throughout the skies to ensure that every step of the way, you’re in safe hands and air traffic control on the ground know exactly where you are.


On the airport’s end, including at Qatar’s own Hamad International Airport, Doppler VHF Omni-Directional Range (DVOR) systems are often employed to keep track of aircraft along their routes. These systems emit omnidirectional signals from ground beacons and can pinpoint an aircraft’s location up to 200 miles from the transmitter. Their high frequency does, however, mean that line of sight is needed to be reliable, so this type of system can be ineffective in certain mountainous areas. A more accurate version of this is TACAN (tactical air navigation) but this is typically reserved for military uses rather than civilian aircraft.


VDF, or VHF direction finding, works in tandem with DVOR systems to help to establish the location of individual planes. These can include the bearings of the aircraft, establishing the range and direction at which an aircraft is located. Systems such as these working together have always been key to the operations of the air industry, and the number of systems working together means that there is always a failsafe.


By combining all of these technologies, an airport is able to work in collaboration with every individual plane and helicopter, with each and every bit of technology refined to the point where their collaboration is effortless. All of this concludes in a successful flight, with passengers not even noticing the successes of technology that have allowed a smooth and safe flight.


For more information on aeronautical technologies, whether they be weather forecasting, navigational or based around communications, get in touch with Bayanat Engineering. Our team of experts are proud to supply a range of technologies to airports which help airlines to thrive in their roles.

Bayanat Engineering Qatar: Delivering world-class communication technology

Communication is a significant fragment of everyday life. It has become a commonplace now. Thus people do not focus on its importance, even to the sectors where it plays a crucial part. Communication is a key to thousands of industries as it is responsible for flow of information, which makes everything work and ensures safety.  Ever wondered how some of Qatar’s key industries benefit from advances in communications technology such as those on offer using Bayanat Engineering Qatar’s communications solutions?
Airports and communication
It is a vital part of any airport to have accurate communication, as it is responsible for the day- to-day functions and safety of all the individuals and machinery in the airport. From radio to radar, information being sent from plane to airport and back again guarantees that everything can run smoothly, with planes sent to the right runways at the right times to keep airports running like the well-oiled machines they are.
The listening range of any airport is 6-10 miles, meaning that any plane within this reach can easily react to the needs of an airport and let them know if there are likely to be any issues with the landing. In addition to that, most of the airport personnel should have an access to communication – from Air Traffic Controllers to passenger movement operations. Did you know that all vehicles have the communication devices too?
There is traffic in the air and on the ground that has to be monitored in order to have a efficient operations. Bayanat Engineering Qatar has provided one of the projects. It was an Installation & Maintenance project awarded to Bayanat Engineering Qatar from Qatar Airways (Hamad international Airport). VHF communication systems are the most widely used to communicate between ATC, Ground Handling and Aircraft. Major Scope included supply, installation, testing & commissioning of VHF radios and 10 years maintenance of Park Air and ICOM Radios installed in the airside vehicles.
Marine Sector and Communication
Communication between ships and land requires to be significant and efficient. The busiest shipping lanes in the world can see millions of ships go through them every year. Without substantial communication it would become hectic and most probably will result in accidents. It is important to have proper communication to navigate and support the crew, as well as have an efficient operation on the ground. Communications technology like that supplied by Bayanat Engineering Qatar is vital to the continued success of marine shipping.
Oil and Gas Sector and Communication
Technology, like communication, is used in Oil and Gas sector mostly in mining and production to ensure safe and efficient process. Technology relating to radio is key — radar can be used to scan the ground in order to find irregularities such as oil and gas fields, with radio being used afterwards to coordinate a response. While  communications may not seem to be a vital part of the oil and gas industry, they play a significant role.
Military and Communication.
It is more complex and restricted, as the military often undergoes highly complex operations, reliant on coordination between not only fellow squad members but different military forces and branches. For example, warships may often have to communicate with a multi-purpose fighter to establish the location of a target. Military jets actually communicate with each other by sending out radio signals of a particular frequency to let their allies know not to shoot them down. Without radio, warfare would potentially descend into friendly fire and chaos. Air-to-air, air-to-ground and ground-to-ground communications are all keys to keeping order.
For this, trust Bayanat Engineering Qatar. We deliver world-class engineering solutions to a variety of top-end companies in Qatar.

Common misconceptions about air traffic control systems

Common misconceptions about air traffic control systems

Air traffic control systems and the people who operate them often go unnoticed by airline passengers interested in reaching their destinations as quickly as possible. Indeed, the work of air traffic controllers only tends to be considered when flights are delayed or cancelled, meaning they are often scapegoated and underappreciated. The reality is that air traffic communications work smoothly and efficiently most of the time thanks to highly sophisticated technologies and the hard work of airline staff.


To help you separate fact from fiction when it comes to the role of air traffic control systems, we’ve busted a few common misconceptions below.


Myth #1: Air traffic control rooms are populated by a small handful of workers


In Hollywood films, air traffic control rooms are often depicted as cramped spaces full of stressed and overworked people. This couldn’t be further from the truth. There are often hundreds of people managing the country’s skies at any one time, based across a number of air traffic facilities.


The job of these controllers is to offer directions to individual pilots to ensure that aircraft are adequately distanced from one another. They are tasked with guiding aircraft during take-off and landing, as well as taxiing to the relevant gate. What’s more, each controller is assigned a small slice of airspace over which they have a responsibility, meaning that the work is divided into manageable chunks.


Myth #2: Near misses are common


On the rare occasion that an accident or mishap occurs within the aviation industry, social media commentators and sometimes news sources often start speculating about the prevalence of near misses. Whilst they do indeed happen, they are very rare.


Air traffic control technologies are designed to spot any issues early on and the global air traffic control system is highly interconnected, meaning the chances of a mistake are fairly low. What’s more, it is important to note that there are many layers of assurance checks involved with controlling the skies and that air traffic collision avoidance systems (TCAS) have become very technologically sophisticated. This means that pilots are warned of nearby aircraft well in advance and are able to avoid midair collisions calmly and smoothly.


It should also be noted that near misses are defined as any loss of separation between aircraft. This means that aircraft could be many miles apart and still be classified as experiencing a near miss.


Myth #3: Air traffic controllers require high-level qualifications


While it is certainly an advantage to possess a strong degree when applying to become an air traffic controller, suitability for the job is usually judged on a person’s aptitude for spatial awareness, multi-tasking, and problem-solving. The application process is very rigorous, and the most successful candidates are often those who possess innate analytical skills.


Myth #4: It is the sole job of air traffic controllers to help aircraft land safely


Generally speaking, the pilot has the ultimate authority when it comes to landing an aircraft safely, with air traffic controllers on hand to offer advice. On very rare occasions, pilots flying through very difficult weather with restricted visibility may rely on air traffic control to give them precise instructions for a smooth landing.

Body Temperature Solutions



Why body temperature solutions are a new norm for the world

Since the start of the 2020 coronavirus pandemic, we’ve all been searching for ways to operate safely and securely. One of the most prominent queries in this goal is how we can travel while minimising the risk of virus transmission.


Here at Bayanat Engineering, we’ve been looking at how we can measure the human body’s temperature to reduce transmission risk at airports. Let’s take a look at why body temperature solutions are so essential for the future of safe air travel and a new norm for the world.


Measuring body temperature and COVID-19


There are a variety of symptoms that patients exhibit with COVID-19, including a persistent dry cough, a loss or change in your sense of taste and smell, and a raised temperature. The Journal of Hospital Infection notes that those infected with the coronavirus will have a temperature of 38 degrees Celsius or higher.


By identifying people with such fevers in public spaces like airports, businesses can help prevent the virus from spreading to other passengers and staff members. This strategy is useful for tracking people’s symptoms in large crowds, or if they’re towards the start of their infection before they notice some of the other signs of the virus.


As such a vital and measurable sign in identifying infected persons, body temperature solutions are already becoming normalised across the world.

The Bayanat Engineering solution


While many vendors are advocating the use of hand-held devices to measure body temperature, these have limited use in screening one person at a time. Their readings are also frequently inaccurate, making it difficult to identify those carrying the virus.

Here at Bayanat Engineering, we have developed Cantronics technology, providing accurate data in a user-friendly interface. As pioneers in this latest technology, Bayanat Engineering brings over 40 years of experience in developing the new addition to airports and industrial sectors alike. These devices, designed for mass screening, can identify the raised body temperatures out of large crowds, covering hundreds of people per minute with a 99.5% accuracy. As a fixed system and long-term solution, it saves time and resources, leaving no room for human error.


What’s more, these scanners using Cantronics are simple to integrate with third-party health monitoring software, such as Ehteraz. It’s capabilities like these that make this body temperature solution so beneficial to a variety of sectors as a convenient and safe option.


Case study: Hamad International Airport


In March 2020, Bayanat Engineering was awarded a three-month project by Qatar Airways to supply and install infrared thermal body scanners at Hamad International Airport to help prevent the spread of the virus.


Completing the project in two months, Bayanat Engineering supplied, installed and commissioned an M3000N Dual Vision Network Thermal Imaging Camera System using Cantronics technology which allowed for mass scanning with real-time data. The system had a 60-day storage capacity for the camera visuals and used an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) for continuous screening. With the high accuracy of the Cantronics technology, the result was efficient and secure for staff and passengers alike.


Providing high-quality Air Traffic Control systems



When the human flight was developed (by Wrigth Brothers) they did not envision the scale the technology has reached to the modern-day society. It is impossible to imagine our lives without planes. Planes play important role in society nowadays to transport goods and people from one place to another. As traffic is controlled on the ground (by traffic police, traffic lights and signage) – it is as important to control the traffic in airspace.
How do you do that? Air traffic control. The first air traffic control began at Croydon Airport and started as a simple wooden hut that could tell planes their location, the weather and what air traffic was like. As the number of flights grew by demand, technology became more developed.
What is Air Traffic Control in the modern society?  Air traffic control is “the activity of organizing the routes that aircraft should follow, and telling pilots by radio which routes they should take”. By using multiple equipment, ATC controllers maintain safe distance and height and provide safer landing and departure instructions to the pilots to make sure they depart and land the plane safely and on time.
Air traffic innovative solutions that can be provided: Electronic flight strip system; Departure/Arrival Manager (DMAN/AMAN); ATC / Driving Simulation Systems; Remote Control Tower; Airport Collaborative Decision Making (A-CDM); SWIM & ATM Grade Networks and many other. Bayanat Engineering Qatar provides high-quality air traffic control systems to ensure that flights remain safe and controlled, in combination with the provision of navigational and communication technologies in a variety of industries including aerospace.
In Qatar, Air Traffic management follows the procedures of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). It controls and guides organizations on the flight to remain safe and secure and uses all the technologies that has previously been approved. Hamad International Airport receives a high amount of traffic and Qatar’s Air Traffic Control is clearly doing a great job, as no fatal accidents has been reported in over 25 years.   Bayanat Engineering Qatar provides solutions as per the ICAO requirements and always monitors and follows the updates on the requirements.